Clematis vitalba L. as potentially invasive species of Rostov region

B. L. Kozlovskiy, O. I. Fedorinova, M. V. Kuropyatnikov, P. A. Dmitriev

Abstract


The naturalization process of Clematis vitalba L. was studied in the territory of the Botanical Garden of South Federal University. It is established that species has high resistance to the climatic regional factors, is not affected by pests and diseases, and could produce viable seeds. Clematis vitalba seeds that are produced in Botanical Garden have deep physiological dormancy. The study of the phenological cycle of Clematis vitalba showed that this species belongs to the phenological group characterized by the early terms of the beginning and late completion of the growing season. This species has a long shoot growth, which provides good regeneration and active colonization of large area. Clematis vitalba spread over the woody communities of the Botanical garden and inhabit large areas due to vegetative propagation. We founded that the plant death at the seedling emergence stage caused by arid conditions was the main obstacle to the expansion of this species across the territory of Botanical Garden. We suggested that Clematis vitalba could be dangerous invasive species for floodplain and gully forest of the Rostov region.


Keywords


Clematis vitalba; invasive species; seed dormancy; ecological and biological properties; phenology; Botanical Garden; South Federal University

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_94

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