Ecological conditions of garden and park territories of former iron mines (Kryvyi Rih Basin, Ukraine)

V. M. Savosko, N. V. Tovstolyak

Abstract


The aim of this study was to analyse the ecological conditions for the location area of gardens and parks of the former iron mines at Kryvorizhzhya. The object of this study were seven existing parks (“Ternivskyi”, “Shakhtarskyi”, «Zatyshnyi», Suvorov sports park, park near the Palace of Culture of mine «Rodina», «Saksahanskyi», «Rudanivskyi»), one abandonment park in fall of ground zone (Park of mine «Hvardiiska»), one garden of hotel «Park House» (private property). The territory of the former iron gardens and parks began to form on the brink the XIX and XX centuries. However, this practice was not widespread and today these greenery’s objects are not preserved. System planting of these mines started in 30th years of the XX century, and became widespread in the 50-60th years of the XX century. The period of greatest prosperity for mine gardens and parks was in the 60-70th years of XX century. Further there was a gradual change in ownership and social status and reduce the cost of maintaining for these objects gardening. The territory of parks «Ternivskyi», «Shakhtarskyi», «Zatyshnyi», near the Palace of Culture of mine «Rodina», «Saksahanskyi», «Rudanivskyi» is located in upland areas of the valley-ravine and valley ‘s divide - ravine types of landscapes. In these areas common: eluvial geochemical landscapes, relatively rich of trophotopes and very dry-dry of hidrotopes. In these areas also common chernozems ordinary (Chernozems by World Reference Base for Soil Resources), which are characterized by: average powerful humus horizon (50-70 cm), medium humus content (4,5-4,7%), neutral reaction of soil solution (pH H2O - 7,0-7,2), good formed the soil absorbing complex (total exchange basics – 30-35 mg.-eq / 100 g soil). Therefore, the growth and development of trees and shrubs formed over there is very complicated natural ecological habitats.

The territory of Suvorov Sports Park and garden of hotel «Park House» are located in overflow land areas of the valley-valley terrace types of landscapes. In these areas common: superaquatic geochemical landscapes, rich trophotopes, cheese-fresh hidrotopes. In these areas also common meadow-chernozems soils (Mollic Calcic Fluvisols by World Reference Base for Soil Resources) which are characterized by: powerful and super powerful humus horizon (90-130 cm), high humus content (9.1-9.8%), slightly acidic soil solution (pH H2O 6.5-6.7) well formed soil absorbing complex (total exchange bases –37 mg.-eq / 100 g soil). Therefore, the growth and development of trees and shrubs occurs in a very favorable natural ecological condition. The territory of three objects of planting (Suvorov sports park, Park near the Palace of Culture of mine «Rodina», and garden of hotel «Park House») are subject to significant level of anthropogenic air pollution; the territory of Park «Saksahanskyi» is subject to middle level of anthropogenic air pollution; whereas the other objects of gardening are subject to an insignificant level of anthropogenic pollution. Ecological conditions of park «Saksahanskyi» were evaluated as the most favorable for the growth and development of trees and shrubs. The results can be used to justify measures gardening optimization of existing facilities in the industrial regions of the steppe zone and designing new ones.


Keywords


gardens and park; steppe; geochemical landscapes; habitats; forest growth; Kryvyi Rih Basin

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alekseev, E.V. (1928). Tipy ukrainskogo lesa. Pravoberezhe. Kiev: Kiev Branch Knyhospilka. (in Russian).

Anguluri, R., Narayanan, P. (2017). Role of green space in urban planning: Outlook towards smart cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 25, 58-65. doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.04.007.

Belgard, A.L. (1971). Stepnoe lesovedenie. Moscow: Forest. Industry. (in Russian).

Bukhtiyarov, V.P. (2005). Entsyklopediia Kryvorizhzhia [Encyclopedia of Kryvorizhzhya]. YVVA, Kryvyi Rih (in Ukrainian).

Čeplová, N., Lososová, Z., Kalusová, V. (2017). Urban ornamental trees: a source of current invaders; a case study from a European City. Urban Ecosystems, 20 (5), 1135–1140. doi.org/10.1007/s11252-017-0665-2.

Chertko, N.K., Kovalchik, N.V., Homich, V.S. Karpichenko, A.A., Zhumar, P.V., Timofeeva, T.A. (2011). Geohimiya landshafta. Minsk: Belarusian State University. (in Russian).

Derkzen, M.L., Teeffelen, A.J.A. van, Verburg, P.H. (2017). Green infrastructure for urban climate adaptation: How do residents’ views on climate impacts and green infrastructure shape adaptation preferences Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, 106-130. DOI: 10.1016/ j.landurbplan.2016.05.027.

Dobrovolsky, I.A. (1966). Podbor porod dlya ozeleneniya Krivbassa. Krivoy Rog: Krivoy Rog State Pedagogical University. (in Russian).

Dobrovolsky, I.A. (1967). Ozelenenie Krivorozhskogo zhelezorudnogo basseyna. Bulletin of the main botanical garden, 66, 42-46 (in Russian).

Dobrovolsky, I.A. (1979). Ekologo–biogeotsenologicheskie osnovyi optimizatsii tehnogennyih landshaftov stepnoy zonyi Ukrainyi putem ozeleneniya i obleseniya. Dnepropetrovsk: Dnepropetrovsk State University. (in Russian).

Fedorovsky, V.D., Terlyga, N.S., Danilchuk, O.V., Yukhimenko, Y.S., Danilchuk, N.M. (2012a). Mynule ta suchasne parkiv i skveriv tsentral'noi chastyny m. Kryvyi Rih. Agrobiology, 8 (94), 169-171. (in Ukrainian).

Fedorovsky, V.D., Tеrlyga, V.D., Yukhimenko, Yu.S., Danilchuk, O.V., Danilchuk, N.M., Lapteva, O.V. (2013). Vydovyi sklad ta zhyttievyi stan derevno-chaharnykovoi roslynnosti parkiv ta skveriv m. Kryvyi Rih. Plant introduction, 3, 73-79. (in Ukrainian).

Fedorovsky, V.D., Yukhimenko, Y.S., Danilchuk, O.V., Terlyga, N.S., Danilchuk, N.M. (2012b). Dendroflora zelenykh nasadzhen' m. Kryvyi Rih i perspektyvy yii zberezhennia ta zbahachennia. Bulletin of Biosphere reserve «Askania-Nova», 14, 405-408. (in Ukrainian).

Fridland, V.M. (1981). Chernozemyi SSSR (Ukraina). Moscow: Kolos. (in Russian).

Glazovskaya, M.A. (1988). Geohimiya prirodnyih i tehnogennyih landshaftov SSSR. Moscow: Vyisshaya shkola. (in Russian).

Guitart, D., Pickering, C., Byrne, J. (2012). Past results and future directions in urban community gardens research. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 11 (4), 364-373. doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2012.06.007.

Haaland, C., van den Bosch, C.K. (2015). Challenges and strategies for urban green-space planning in cities undergoing densification: A review. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 14 (4), 760-771. doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2015.07.009.

Hamdy, R.S., Abd El-Ghani, M.M., Youssef, T.L., El-Sayed, M. (2007). The floristic composition of some historical botanical gardens in the metropolitan of Cairo, Egypt. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2 (11), 610-648.

Kucherуavy, V.P. (2005). Ozelenennia naselenykh mists'. Lviv: Svit. (in Ukrainian).

Kulagin, Yu.Z. (1980). Drevesnyie rasteniya i promyishlennaya sreda. Moscow: Science. (in Russian).

Meerow, S., Newell, J.P. (2017) Spatial planning for multifunctional green infrastructure: Growing resilience in Detroit. Landscape and Urban Planning, 159, 62-75. doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.10.005.

Melnik, O., Balabanov, S. (2007). Istorychna entsyklopediia Kryvorizhzhia. Kryvyi Rih: Publishing house. (in Ukrainian).

Norainiratna, B., Manohar, M., Rosland, M. (2013). Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 8, 2, 191-196.

Perry, D.A. (1994). Forest Ecosystems. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press.

Pogrebnyak, P.S. (1955). Osnovyi lesnoy tipologii. Kiev: Publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. (in Russian).

Polynov, B. B. (1956). Izbrannyie trudyi. Moscow: Izdatelstvo AN SSSR. (in Russian).

Pretzsch, H., Biber, P., Uhl, E., Dahlhausen, J., Rötzer, T., Caldentey, J., Koike, T., Con, T., Chavanne, A., du Toit Seifert, B., Farnden, C., Pauleit, S. (2015). Crown size and growing space requirement of common tree species in urban centres, parks, and forests. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 14, 3, 466-479. doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2015.04.006.

Ramensky, L.G. (1938). Vvedenie v kompleksnoe pochvenno-geobotanicheskoe issledovanie zemel. Moscow: Agricultural publishing House. (in Russian).

Savosko, V.M. (2013). Vydovyi sklad ta ekomorfnyi spektr derevno–chaharnykovykh nasadzhen' parku «Veseli Terny» (m. Kryvyi Rih). Plant introduction, 2, 78-82. (in Ukrainian).

Savosko, V.M. (2014). Dynamika ekomorfichnoho ta biomorfichnoho spektriv dendroflory kolyshn'oho botanichnoho sadu Kryvoriz'koho derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho instytutu. Ecology and noospherology, 25, 1-2, 37-45. DOI: 10.15421/031404. (in Ukrainian).

Savosko, V.M. (2015). Gruntovyi pokryv Kryvorizhzhia. Physical Geography of the Kryvorizhzhya: monographic study book, 133-150. (in Ukrainian).

Savosko, V.M., Kopych, O.U. (2012). Botaniko–ekolohichna kharakterystyka derevno–chaharnykovykh nasadzhen' Dovhyntsivs'koho dendroparku (m. Kryvyi Rih). Plant introduction, 1, 105-113. (in Ukrainian).

Savosko, V.M., Kvitko, M.O., 2016. Ekolohichna obumovlenist' suchasnoho stanu lisovykh kul'turfitotsenoziv Kryvorizhzhia. Issues of steppe forestry and forest reclamation of soils, 45, 100-120. (in Ukraine).

Savosko, V.M., Kvitko, М.О. (2014). Suchasnyi stan osnovnykh nasadzhen' Dovhyntsivs'koho dendroparku (m. Kryvyi Rih). Industrial botany, 14, 106-114. (in Ukrainian).

Savosko, V.M., Tovstolyak, N.V. (2016). Ekoloho-botanichna obumovlenist' poshyrenosti derevno–chaharnykovykh vydiv u vyznachnykh parkakh ta skverakh istorychnoho tsentru Kryvorizhzhia. Plant introduction, 3, 85-95. (in Ukrainian).

Taran, M.A. (2009). Fitotrofni miksomitsety tekhnohenno zminenykh ekosystem. Kryvyi Rih: CTU Publishing House. (in Ukraine).

Terlyga, N.S., Danilchuk, A.V., Yukhimenko, Yu.S., Fedorovsky, V.D., Danilchuk, N.M. (2015). Kul'tyvovana dendroflora parkiv i skveriv Kryvoho Rohu: istorychni aspekty formuvannia ta suchasnyi stan. Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agricultural University: Biology Series, 2 (35), 93-101. (in Ukrainian).

Terlyga, N.S., Fedorovskii, V.D., Yukhimenko, Yu.S., Danil'chuk, A.V., Danil'chuk, N.M., Lapteva, O.V. (2014). Botaniko-heohrafichnyi analiz i chastota trapliannia vydiv derevno-chaharnykovoi roslynnosti zelenykh nasadzhen' Kryvoho Rohu. Journal of Zaporizhzhya National University: Biological Science, 1, 200-210. (in Ukrainian).

Tikhomirova, L.I., Kechaykin, A.A., Shmakov, A.I., Alexandrova, O.V. (2016). An effective way to carry out mass in vitro propagation of Potentilla alba L. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University, 6(1), 433-444. http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/201627

Uchmański, J. (2016) Individual variability and metapopulation dynamics: An individual-based model. Ecological Modelling, 334 (24), 8-18. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.04.019.

Vedmid', M.M., Raspopina, S.P. (2010). Otsinka lisoroslynnoho potentsialu zemel'. Kyiv: Publishing house «EKO-inform». (in Ukrainian).

Wolch, J.R., Byrne, J., Newell, J.P. (2014). Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’. Landscape and Urban Planning, 125, 234–244. /dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.01.017.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_80

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138