Remediation potential of forest-forming species in the reclamation planting

V.M. Zverkovskyi, S.A. Sytnyk, V.M. Lovynska, M.M. Kharytonov, S.Yu. Mykolenko


The aim of the research was to study the features of the accumulation of heavy metals elements group by assimilation apparatus of coniferous and deciduous woody plants. We registered low bioaccumulative coefficients of Black locust regards chromium, antimony, and tin. We also determined that the Robinia leaves could accumulate Sb and Sn while in small concentrations and the Crimean pine needles could accumulate Sb and As in in the lowest concentration. The Mangan fraction that translocated to the was high for both tree species and more higher concentration was fixed in the Crimean pine. The average content of Lead was 209.11 kg·ha-1 for Crimean pine in all age groups, while for the Black locust is was only 15.52 kg·ha-1 that was by 13.5 times less. We determined large concentrations of Zinc in the Robinia leaves that was gradually decreasing with tree age. We revealed small contamination of Zinc in the Crimean pine with peak values of accumulation in the second age group of this species. We did not fix the definite trend of redistribution and accumulation of copper towards the tree species and age. For the Black locust the minimum content in green mass was determined for Cr and Sn. In general, the leaves fraction of the aboveground phytomass per unit area is able to accumulate the inorganic contaminants, which is ranged from 1.46 to 2134.35 kg·ha-1 for the Crimean pine and from 4.42 to 441.08 for the Black locust.


Black locust;Crimean pine;technozems;coefficient of biological accumulation;Northern Steppe;Ukraine

Full Text:



Alekseenko, V.A., Pashkevich, M.A., Alekseenko, A.V. (2017). Metallisation and environmental management of mining site soils. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 174, 121–127. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.06.010

Alexander, M. (2000). Aging, bioavailability, and overestimation of risk from environmental pollutants. Environmental Science & Technology, 34, 4259–65. doi: 10.1021/es001069

Allen, H.E, Huang, C.P., Bailey, G.W., Bowers, A.R. (1995). Metal speciation and contamination of soil. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers.

Appenroth, K.J. (2010). Definition of ‘‘heavy metals’’ and their role in biological systems. In book: Soil heavy metals, 19–29. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-02436-8_2

Avessalomov, I.A. (1987). Geohimicheskie pokazateli pri izuchenii landshaftov [Geochemical indicators in the study of landscapes] Publishing House of Moscow University, Moscow (in Russian).

Brown, P.H., Welch, R.M., Madison, J.T. (1990). Effect of nickel deficiency on soluble anion, amino acid and nitrogen levels in barley. Plant Soil, 125, 19–27.

Chodak, M., Niklińska, M. (2010). The effect of different tree species on the chemical andmicrobial properties of reclaimed mine soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 46(6), 555–566. doi: 10.1007/s00374-010-0462-z

Chudzińska, E., Celiński, K., Pawlaczyk, E., Diatta, J. (2016). Trace element contamination differentiates the natural population of Scots pine: evidence from DNA microsatellites and needle morphology. Environmental science pollution research international, 23(21), 22151–22162. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-7472-9

Dmuchowski, W., Bytnerowicz, A. (1995). Monitoring environmental pollution in Poland by chemical analysis of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) needles. Environmental Pollution, 87, 87–104. doi: 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)80012-8

Eide, D.J. (2006). Zinc transporters and the cellular trafficking of zinc. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Cell Research, 1763 (7), 711–722. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2006.03.005

Fernández, S., Poschenrieder, C., Marcenò, C., Gallego, J. R., Jiménez-Gámez, D., Bueno, A., Afif, E. (2017). Phytoremediation capability of native plant species living on Pb-Zn and Hg-As mining wastes in the Cantabrian range, north of Spain. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 174, 10–20. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.05.015

Grishko, V.M., Syschykov, D.V., Piskova, A.M., Danilchuk, O.V., Mashtaler, O.V. (2012). Vazhkі metali: nadhodzhennja v ґrunti, translokacіja u roslinah ta ekologіchna bezpeka [Heavy metals: intake in soil, translocation in plants and environmental hazards]. Donetsk. (in Ukrainian)

Hüttl, R. (1998). Ecology of post strip-mining landscapes in Lusatia, Germany. Environmental Science Polution, 1, 129–135. doi: 10.1016/S1462-9011(98)00014-8

Hüttl, R., Weber, E. (2001). Forest ecosystem development in post-mining landscapes: a case study of the Lusatian lignite district. Naturwissenschaften, 88, 322–329. doi: 10.1007/s001140100241.

Itoh, Y., Miura, S., Yoshinaga, S. (2006). Atmospheric lead and cadmium deposition within forests in the Kanto district, Japan. Journal of Forest Research, 11(2), 137–142. doi: 10.1007/s10310-005-0196-1

Jarup L. (2003). Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin, 68, 167–182. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldg032

Kaar, E. (2002). Coniferous trees on exhausted oil shale opencast mines. Metsanduslikud Uurimused (Forestry Studies), 36, 120–125.

Kabata-Pendias, A. (2011). Trace elements in soil and plants. 4nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. doi: 10.1201/b10158

Khokhotva, A.P. (2010). Adsorption of heavy metals by a sorbent based on pine bark. Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology, 32(6), 336–340. doi: 10.3103/S1063455X10060044

Kubatbekov, Т.S., Aitmatov, М.B., Ibraimakunov, М. (2012). Sur’ma v prirodno tehnogennyh uslovijah biosfery: voda, pochva, rastenija [Antimony in natural technogenic conditions of the biosphere: water, soil, plants] Bulletin of the Russian University of Peoples' Friendship, Moscow, 4, 56–60 (in Russian).

Kuznetsova, T., Mandre, M., Klõseiko, J., Pärn H. (2010). A comparison of the growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in a reclaimed oil shale post-mining area and in a Calluna site in Estonia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 166, 257–265. doi: 10.1007/s10661-009-0999-1

Lakyda, P. I., 2003. Fitomasa lisiv Ukrai'ny [Phytomass of Ukrainian forests]. Sbruch, Ternopil (in Ukrainian).

Lin, Q., Chen, Y.X., He, Y.F., Tian, G.M. (2004). Root-induced changes of lead availability in the rhizosphere of Oryza sativa L. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 104, 605–613. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2004.01.001

Marko-WorłOwska, M., Chrzan, A., Łaciak, T. (2011). Scots pine bark, topsoil and pedofauna as indicators of transport pollutions in terrestrial ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 46, 138–148. doi: 10.1080/10934529.2010.500896

Marmiroli, M., Pietrini, F., Maestri, E., Zacchini, M., Marmiroli, N., Massacci, A. (2011). Growth, physiological and molecular traits in Salicaceae trees investigated for phytoremediation of heavy metals and organics. Tree Physiology, 31, 1319–1334. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpr090

Moral, R.G., Palacios, I., Gomez, J.N., Mataix, J. (1994). Distribution and accumulation of heavy metals (Cd, Ni, and Cr) in tomato plants. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 3, 395–399.

Pöykiö, R., Hietala, J., Nurmesniemi, H. (2010). Scots pine needles as bioindicators in determining the aerial distribution pattern of sulphur emissions around industrial plants. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 44, 116–119.

Pietrzykowski, M., Socha, J., van Doorn, N.S. (2014). Linking heavy metal bioavailability (Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb) in Scots pine needles to soil properties in reclaimed mine areas. Science of the Total Environment, 470–471, 501–510. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.10.008.

Pietrzykowski, M., Socha, J. (2011). An estimation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) ecosystem productivity on reclaimed post-mining sites in Poland (central Europe) using of allometric equations. Ecological Engineering, 37 (2), 381–386. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.10.006

Poznyak, S.S. (2011). Soderzhanie nekotoryh tjazhelyh metallov v rastitel’nosti polevyh I lugovyh agrofitocenozov v uslovijah tehnogennogo zagrjaznenija pochvennogo pokrova [Heavy metals concentrations on plants of field and poic agrophytocenoses in conditions of anthropogenic contamination of soil cover] Bulletin of Tomsk State University, 1 (13) (in Russian).

Prasad, M.N.V., Hagemeyer, J. (1999). Heavy Metal Stress in Plants. From Molecules to Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-07745-0

Risto, P., Perämäki, P., Niemelä, M. (2005). The use of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) bark as a bioindicator for environmental pollution monitoring along two industrial gradients in the Kemi-Tornio area, northern. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 85, 127–139. doi: 10.1080/03067310412331330758

Saarelaa, K.-E., Harjua, L., Rajandera, J., Lillb, J.-O., Heseliusb, S.-J., Lindroosd, A., Mattsson, K. (2005). Elemental analyses of pine bark and wood in an environmental study. Science of the Total Environment, 343, 231–41. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.09.043

Shahid, M., Pourrut, B., Dumat, C., Nadeem, M., Aslam, M., Pinelli, E. (2014). Heavy-metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 232, 1–44. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06746-9_1

Thapa, G., Sadhukhan, A., Panda, S.K., Sahoo, L. (2012). Molecular mechanistic model of plant heavy metal tolerance. Biometals, 25, 489–505. doi: 10.1007/s10534-012-9541-y

Verbruggen, N., Hermans, C., Schat, H. (2009). Molecular mechanisms of metal hyperaccumulation in plants. New Phytologist, 181(4). 759–776. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02748.x

Wuana, R.A., Okieimen, F.E. (2011). Heavy metals in contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. Ecology, 2011, 20. doi: 10.5402/2011/402647


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138