Effect of mulching tillage and fertilization on maize growth and development in Ukrainian Steppe

A.I. Tsyliuryk, V.I. Kozechko


We proved the high efficiency of soil mulching cultivating (chisel, planar) and improved fertilizer system (N60P30K30 + post-harvest residues) in the technology of corn growing, which is not inferior to the plowing, provides optimal biometric indices of plants and elements of the structure of crop corn crop. We observed only a slight tendency in reducing the morphological characteristics of the canines (diameter, length, and number of grains) for flat-rope loosening (14-16 cm), especially in non-fertilized areas (control), which is explained by the negative influence of growth of bulk mass and hardness soil, reduction of nitric capacity of chernozem, and deterioration of phytosanitary state of crops. Application of mineral fertilizers (N30-60P30K30) reduces this insignificant difference and contributes to obtaining practically identical indicators. The maximum grain yield of corn on the unfertilized filed and the introduction of the N30P30K30 could be achieved by field plowing and mulching (4.83-5.33 t/ha), when the usage of subsurface plow with the increase of nitrogen (N30-60P30K30) also contribute to high yields (5.62 t/ha). The last could be associated with the normalization of the nitrate mobilization when a plurality of plant residues from the predecessor (5-7 t/ha) are introduced into the soil. The minor differences of the corn yield indicate the equivalence of these basic soil cultivation methods.


corn;mulching cultivation;biometric indices;post-harvest residues;mineral fertilizers;yield

Full Text:



Barz, P., Edvards, T., Campbell, T.I., Hood, D.W. (2006). Alternative agricultural systems in the United Kingdom. Report D 1.1 A8. KASSA Project. CIRAD, France, 1–95.

Fan, Z.L., Chai, Q., Huang, G.B., Yu, A.Z., Huang, P. et al. (2013). Yield and water consumption characteristics of wheat/maize intercropping with reduced tillage in an Oasis region. Eur. J. Agron., 48, 52–58

Grabak, N.Kh., Stokovskaya, T.M., Tkachenko, A.P. (1979). Soil–protective technology in the south of Ukraine. Agriculture, 8, 29–31 (in Russian).

Hȗla, J., Procházková, B., Kovaříček, P. (2004) Minimization and soil conservation technologies [Minimalizační a pȗdoochranne technologie]. Prague (in Czech).

Ilchenko, V.A. (1976). Surface and soil–free tillage in crop rotation. Bulletin of Agricultural Science,10, 1–7 (in Russian).

Khurshid, K., Iqbal, M., Saleem Arif, M., Nawaz, A. (2006). Effect of Tillage and Mulch on Soil Physical Properties and Growth of Maize. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 8(5), Retrieved from http://www.fspublishers.org/published_papers/5034_..pdf. Accessed on 15.05.2017

Kiver, V.F., Melua, R.A., Pilipenko, A.D. (1979) Sedimentation of crops with minimal soil cultivation on irrigated lands of Moldova. Agriculture, 3, 38–41 (in Russian).

Krut', V.M., Benedichuk, N.F., Shvets, Yu. A. (1979). Planning of the soil for maize. Corn, 10, 18–19 (in Russian).

Lebid, E.M., Tsylіuryk, А.I. (2014) Reproduction of chernozem fertility and productivity of short–term crop rotation of the steppe depending on the system of multicultural soil cultivation. Bulletin of the Institute of аgriculture of steppe zone, 6, 8–14 (in Russian).

Lotonenko, I.V. (1990). Effect of soil cultivation on maize productivity under irrigation. Irrigated agriculture, 35, 39–41 (in Russian).

Shcherbak, I.E. (1979). Soil–protective technology of cultivation of grain crops in southern regions of Ukraine. Moscow: Kolos (in Russian).

Shen, J.Y., Zhao, D.D., Han, H.F., Zhou, X.B., Li, Q.Q., (2012). Effects of straw mulching on water consumption characteristics and yield of different types of summer maize plants. Plant Soil Environ., 58, 161–166

Tebrügge, F. (2000). Comparison of soil machine interactions by intensive tillage and notillage Poceedings 4th Intern. Conf. on Soil Dynamics, Adelaide, Australia, 22.

Tsikov, V.S. (2003). Corn: technology, hybrids, seeds. Dnepropetrovsk: VAT Zarya (in Russian).

Tsylіuryk, А.I., Sudak, V.M., Shapka, V.P. (2015). Productivity of short crop rotation depending on the system of tillage of soil on the background of continuous stubble mulching remains. Bulletin of the Institute of agriculture of steppe zone, 8, 66–72 (in Russian).

Verhulst, N., Nelissen, V., Jespers, N., Haven, H., Sayre, K.D. et al. (2011). Soil water content, maize yield and its stability as affected by tillage and crop residue management in rainfed semi–arid highlands. Plant Soil, 344, 73–85.

Wlaiwan, S., Jayasuriya, H.P.W. (2013). Effect of different tillage and residue management practices on growth and yield of corn cultivation in Thailand. Agric Eng Int: CIGR Journal, 15(3), 86–94.

Zamir, M.S.I., Javeed, H.M.R., Ahmed, W., Ahmed, A.U.H., Sarwar, N. et al. (2013). Effect of tillage and organic mulches on growth, yield and quality of autumn planted maize (Zea mays L.) And soil physical properties. Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova, XLVI, 2(154), 17–26.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_48

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138