Chemical, mineral and amino acid composition of pork in the application of selenium compounds in feed

L.V. Pirova, L.T. Kosior, Y.O. Mashkin, I.O. Lastovska

Abstract


The productivity of young pigs grown for meat and slaughter quality of their products was estimated at use of feed with different levels and sources of selenium. Pigs of large white breed were used for scientific experiment that was carried out by method of groups (pairs-analogues). The level of inorganic and organic selenium in the diets of experimental groups was regulated by the introduction of feed of sodium selenite and Sel-Plex. Part of selenium in mixed fodder of poultry control group was 0.07 mg/kg of dry matter and in the fodder of pigs of 2-th, 3-th, 4-th and 5-th research groups that were 0.2; 0.2; 0.3 and 0.4 mg/kg of dry matter respectively. The animals of second group were administered in feed sodium selenite and 3, 4 and 5th – Sel-Plex. The feeding was done by group and feed was distributed twice – in morning and evening. It was proved introducing selenium in feed young pigs was improved the quality and biological value of meat. The inclusion of organic selenium at 0.3–0.4 mg/kg dry matter was contributed to increasing concentrations of selenium in meat by 36.8 and 48.0 %, copper – by 25.6 and 26.8, zinc – 20.8 and 21.3 % and was reduced the concentration of cadmium in 29.7–35.1 % mercury – in 18.8–19.2 % in meat. It was determined to trend to increasing of lead content in products slaughter of animals experimental groups. The use of sodium selenite compared to the organic compound is less positive impact on meat quality of pigs.


Keywords


selenium;pigs;meat;chemical composition;minerals;amino acids

Full Text:

PDF

References


Batorska, M., Więcek, J., Rekiel, A. (2017) Influence of organic vs inorganic source and different dietary levels of selenium supplementation in diets for growing pigs on meat quality. J. Elem., 22(2), 653-662.

Borisenko, L.M. (2004) Ocіnka ta koriguvannja mіneral'noї zabezpechenostі svinej. Naukovij vіsnik NAU zb. nauk. prac', 74, 174–177 (in Ukrainian).

Bulavkіna, T.P. Kravchenko, O.І. (2008) Vpliv spіvvіdnoshennja kal'cіju ta svincju v racіonah svinej na hіmіchnij sklad svinini. Mіzhvіdomchij tematichnij naukovij zbіrnik „Svinarstvo”, 56, 95–100.

Calvo, L., Toldrá, F., Rodríguez, I.A., López‐Bote, C., Rey, I.A. (2017) Effect of dietary selenium source (organic vs. mineral) and muscle pH on meat quality characteristics of pigs. Food Sci Nutr. Jan, 5(1), 94–102.

Dan-Yi Yang, D-Y., Yu-Wei Chen, Y-W., John M. Gunn, J.M., Nelson Belzile, N. (2008) Selenium and mercury in organisms: Interactions and mechanisms. Environ. Rev., 16, 71–92.

European Communities. (2009). Council Regulation no. 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing. Off. J. L , 1–30.

Fairweather-Tait, S.J., Bao, Y., Broadley, M.R., Collings, R., Ford, D., Hesketh, J.E., Hurst, R. (2011) Selenium in human health and disease. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, 14 (7), 1337–1383.

Grosicki, A., Kowalski, B. (2002). Lead, cadmium and mercury influence on selenium fate in rats. Bull. Vet. Inst. Pulawy, 46, 337–343.

Joksimović-Todorović, M., Davidović, V., Sretenović, Lj. (2012) The effect of diet selenium supplement on mear quality. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 28(3), 553–561.

Joksimović Todorović, M., Jokic, M., Hristov, S. (2006) The effect of different levels of organic selenium on body mass, bodyweight gain, feed conversion and selenium concentration in some gilts tissues. Acta Veterinaria, Beograd, 56(5-6), 489–495.

Kalashnikov, А.P., Fisinin, V.I., Shcheglov, V.V, Klejmenov, N.I. (2003). Normy i ratsiony kormleniya sel'skokhozyajstvennykh zhivotnykh. Moscow (in Russian)

Kononenko, V.K., Іbatullіn, І.І., Patrov, V.S. (2003) Praktikum z osnov naukovikh doslіdzhen' u tvarinnitstvі. Kiev (in Ukrainian).

Lisiak, D., Janiszewski, P., Blicharski, T., Borzuta, K., Grześkowiak, E. et al. (2014) Effect of selenium supplementation in pig feed on slaughter value and physicochemical and sensory characteristics of meat. Annals of Animal Science, 14(1), 213–222.

Magos, L., Clarkson, T., Sparrow, S. (1987) Comparison of the protection given by selenite, selenomethionine and biological selenium against the renotoxicity of mercury. Archs Toxic, 60, 422–426.

Mahan, D.C., Cline, T.R., Richert, B. (1999) Effects of dietary levels of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite as selenium sources fed to growing-finishing pigs on carcass characteristics, and loin quality. Journal of Animal Science, 77, 2172–2179.

Mateo, R.D., Spallholz, J.E., Elder, R., Yoon, I., Kim, S.W. (2007) Efficacy of dietary selenium sources on growth and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pig fed diets containing high endogenous selenium. Journal of Animal Science, 85, P. 1177–1183.

NRC Nutrition Requirements of Swine. (2012). Washington, DC, USA: National Academy Press.

Ognjanovic, B.I., Markovic, S.D., Pavlovic, S.Z. (2008) Effect of Chronic Cadmium Exposure on Antioxidant Defense System in Some Tissues of Rats: Protective Effect of Selenium. Physiological research, 57, 403–411.

Payne, R.L., Southern, L.L. (2009) Changes in glutathione peroxidase and tissue selenium concentrations of broilers after consuming a diet adequate in selenium. Poultry Science, 84, 1268–1276

Polivoda, A.M.,. Strobykin, R.V, Lyubetsky, M.D. (1977). Methods of assessment of quality of products of slaughter at pigs. Techniques of researches on pig-breeding. Kharkiv (in Russian).

Polіschuk, A.A., Bulavkіna, T.P. (2012). Doslіdzhennja toksichnostі vazhkih metalіv u svinarstvі. Vіsnik Poltavs'koї derzhavnoї agrarnoї akademії, 1, 53–56. (in Ukrainian)

Plokhinskiy, N.A. (1969). Rukovodstvo po biometrii dlya zootekhnikov. Moscow: Kolos (in Russian).

Reddy, Ch.C., Scholz, R.W. (1981) Cadmium, methylmercury, mercury, and lead inhibition of calf liver glutathione S-transferase exhibiting selenium-independent glutathione peroxidase activity. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 61, 460–468.

Savchenko, J.U., Savchuk, І., Savchenko, M., Chorna, L. (2008) Akumuljacіja vazhkih metalіv v organіzmі svinej. Tvarinnictvo Ukraїni, 3, 2–4 (in Ukrainian)

Saxena, R., Jaiswal, G. (2007) Selenium and its role in health and disease. Kuwait Medical Journal, 39(1), 10–18.

Surai, P.F. (2006) Selenium absorption and metabolism (Pp. 161–171). In (Press Cromwell, Ed.). Selenium nutrition and health. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.

Tishenkov, A., Grineeva, E., Shevjakov, A. (2007) Vzaimosvjaz' selena i solej tjazhelyh metallov. Kombikorma, 7, 59–60 (in Russian)

Upton, J.R., Edens, F.W., Ferket, P.P. (2009) The effects of dietary oxidized fat and selenium source on performance, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase activity in broiler chickens.

Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 18, 193–202.

Zhan, X.A., Wang, M., Zhao, R.Q., Li, W.F., Xu, Z.R. (2007) Effects of different selenium source on selenium distribution, loin quality and antioxidant status in finishing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 132, 202-211.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_40

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138