Total liquid maintenance and correlation of their classes in the sow’s colostrum and milk at different levels of aquacart of Iodine in their rations

R.V. Hunchak, H.М. Sedilo, V.О. Kystsiv, B.V. Gutyj, V.М. Hunchak

Abstract


This article presents the data on the total liquid maintance and correlation of their classes in the sow’s colostrum and milk, depending on the level of Iodine in the rations. It is shown that in the sow’s colostrum (F1 generation from maternal pure lines of Landrace x Large white) the content of total lipids is 33% (Р < 0.01) higher than in milk. It was established that the level of triacylglycerols in the colostrum of the control group of animals, that has received a ration of potassium iodide as a mineral supplements, was 18.7% (Р < 0.01) higher than in milk. Compared with the milk, the level of phospholipids was 13,5% (Р < 0.05) significantly higher in the colostrum; and by 23.6% (Р < 0.05) – the content offree cholesterol. And Vice versa – in the sows’ milk there was higher concentration of mono – and diacylglycerol and eterified cholesterol. In account of a better bioavailability and a higher activity, Iodine, in the form of aquacart, shows a stimulatory effect on lipogenesis in amounts that, in comparison with the dose of Iodine in molecular form is 2 and even 4 times less. Hydration of the dry sows’ feed with the aquacare iodine in such a quantity provided the growth of the percent of phospholipids in colostrum, comparing with the control by 14.4 and 18.4% (Р < 0.05). Under such conditions the content of free cholesterol was also significantly higher. In groups of animals, treated with the maximum analyzed amount of Iodine in nanodispersed form (1 : 1 ratio of Iodine in nano - and molecular form), we observed a tendency to a slight increasing of the phospholipids and mono – and diacylglycerol in the colostrum, and Vice versa –  the content of phospholipids, free cholesterol and free fatty acids reduced under obviously insufficient doses of Iodine (0.1 : 1).  Under the maximum necessary amount of Iodine in the rations (0.25 – 0.5 : 1) of the sows’ milk, the content of mono – and diacylglycerole encreased, compared with the control group 16.6 (Р < 0.01) and 9.3% (Р < 0.05), under the tendency to a higher percentage of phospholipids on the background of a reducing level of free fatty acids. After including gestating and further lactating sows to the rations of Iodine in the form of aquacart in a dose that is 10 times less than the amount of the composition of potassium iodide, it was notified that content of triacylglycerols, phospholipids and free cholesterol in milk was decreased. Thus, aquacart Iodine covers a need of the thyroid body in Iodine for the harmonic interval processes and its regulatory impact on metabolic processes, including lipid metabolism in much smaller quantities than in an inorganic form.


Keywords


sows;the lipid composition of colostrum and milk;aquacart Iodine

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018_261

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