Effect of biologicall active preparations on growth, resistance, and chlorophyll content of Garden cosmos in South Yakutia

N.V. Zaytseva


We represented the effects of biologically active preparations (BAP), which were extracted from South Yakutia plants by the author's technology. The substances were tested in the open ground in Neryungri town (South Yakutia) on Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. The proposed method of obtaining BAS is aims to increase content in plant raw materials of physiologically active compounds through processes of gradual fermentation without rapid gas allocation. This effect was achieved through periodic short-term heat extraction system to 70 °С (Patent RU 2607013). Some four substances were obtained and applied in our research communities. "Composition 1" is the mix of Melilotus officinalis L. and Melilotus albus Medikus.; "Composition 2" - the mix of Oberna behen L., Sanguisorba officinalis L., Plantago major L.; "Composition 3" - the mix of Ribes fragrans Pall., Ledum palustre L., Artemisia lagocefala (Bess.) DC; "Composition 4" - the mix of meadow’s plants (Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop., Trifolium pratense L., Tanacetum vulgare L., Rubus idaeus L., Artemisia vulgaris L., Artemisia integrifolia L., Equisetum arvense L., Galium album Mill.). We got the working solutions from these compositions by method of decimal dilutions and dynamization. We applied BAS solutions for the of Cosmos bipinnatus seeds pre-soaking. The application of compositions 1-4 contributed to the increase in number of plants on plots at 10-24% compared with the control variant. Most significant growth stimulating activity was observed in the case of "Composition 1" using. For this variant noted the greatest plant height, maximum number of leaves on 1 plant, the maximum value of the indicators "Area of the leaf surface of the plant 1" and "Leaf Area of all plants in 1 plot". Analysis of the photosynthetic apparatus properties shows significant increase chlorophylls "a", "b", and carotenoids in the tissues of treated plants, excepting the variant with application of "Composition 3". The maximum number of pigments ware observed in plants treated by Compositions 4 and 2. Under the influence of the studied treatments of BAP increased the resistance of plant tissues to the frost. The destructions after autumn frost in the control plants ware in averaged 46.2 %; but in plants, treated with preparations "Composition 2" and " Composition 3", was destructed only 32-36% tissues from the whole plant. The smallest damage, at the level of 10.5%, registered for plants, which treated with "Composition 4". The reason for the increase of plant stability, in our opinion, is in a high concentration of sugars in cellular juice and increase of content of yellow pigments in the tissues.


biologically active preparations (BAP);biogenic stimulators;fermentation;Southern Yakutia;Cosmos bipinnatus;plant stability

Full Text:



Abbas, S. M. (2013). The influence of biostimulants on the growth and on the biochemical composition of Vicia faba CV. Giza 3 beans. Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 18(2), 8061-8068.

Abdalla, M. M. (2014). Boosting the growth of rocket plants in response to the application of Moringa oleifera extracts as a biostimulant. Life Science Journal, 11(11), 1113-1121.

Alva, A. K. & Obreza, J. A. (1998). By-product iron-humate increases tree growth and fruit production of orange and grapefruit. Hortic. Sci., 33, 71–74.

Anisimov, M. M., Skriptsova, A. V., Chaikina, E. L., & Klykov, A. G. (2013). Effect of water extracts of seaweeds on the growth of seedling roots of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). IJRRAS, 16(2), 282-287.

Aremu, A. O., Stirk, W. A., Kulkarni, M. G., Tarkowská, D., Turečková, V., Gruz, J., Šubrtová, M., Pěnčík, A., Novák, O., Doležal, K., Strnad, M., Van Staden, J. (2015). Evidence of phytohormones and phenolic acids variability in garden-waste-derived vermicompost leachate, a well-known plant growth stimulant. Plant Growth Regul, 75, 483–492. doi: 10.1007/s10725-014-0011-0.

Atlas sel'skogo hozjajstva Jakutskoj ASSR (1989) [Agricultural Atlas of Yakutian ASSR]. GUGK SSSR, Moskva (in Russian).

Bargiacchi, E., Miele, S., Romani, A., and Campo, M. (2013). Biostimulant activity of hydrolyzable tannins from sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.). Acta Hortic, 1009, 111–116. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1009.13.

Basak, A. (2008). Biostimulators–definitions, classification and legislation. Biostimulators in modern agriculture: general aspects. Warsaw: Editorial House Wie Jutra, 7-17. Available from: http://asahisl.pl/bio/GENERAL%20ASPECTS.pdf#page=8/ Accessed on 25.12.107.

Battacharyya, D., Babgohari, M. Z., Rathor, P., Prithiviraj, B. (2015). Seaweed extracts as biostimulants in horticulture. Scientia Horticulturae, 196/30, 39-48. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.09.012.

Bautista-Baños, S., Hernandez-Lauzardo, A. N., Velazquez-Del Valle, M. G., Hernández-López, M., Barka, E. A., Bosquez-Molina, E., & Wilson, C. L. (2006). Chitosan as a potential natural compound to control pre and postharvest diseases of horticultural commodities. Crop Protection, 25(2), 108-118. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2005.03.010.

Berbara, R. L., & García, A. C. (2014). Humic substances and plant defense metabolism. In Physiological mechanisms and adaptation strategies in plants under changing environment (pp. 297-319). Springer, New York, NY.

Beskrovnyj, A. M. & Kotljarenko, I. P. (1981). Guminovye i guminopodobnye metallokompleksy (biomosy) [Humic and humicsimilar metal complexes (biomass)]. Tjumenskaja zonal'naja nauchno-tehnicheskaja konferencija, 31-33 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M. (1990). Biomosy: ih svojstva i aspekty primenenija v medicine i sel'skom hozjajstve [Biomоsy: their properties and aspects of application in medicine and agriculture]. Har'kov (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M. (1993). Drevnij shhit zhizni [Ancient shield of life]. Agrohimbiznes, № 1(6), 34-35 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M. (1997). Desjatiletnij opyt primenenija kondensirovannyh rastitel'nyh jekstraktov (biomosov) pri zapredel'nyh stressovyh sostojanijah cheloveka i prirody [Ten years of experience in the application of condensed plant extracts (biomoss) at exorbitant stress on man and nature]. Netradicionnoe rastenievodstvo, jekologija i zdorov'e. Simferopol' (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Bulankin, A. L., Bibikov, F. A., Severin, N. F., Kaceba, M. T., Kotljarenko, I. P., Stoljarov, V. D., Sukacheva, O. A. & Kovpak, L. A. (1996). Sposob poluchenija jekstrakta duba dlja lechenija sel'skohozjajstvennyh zhivotnyh [A method of producing an extract of oak for the treatment of farm animals]: A.s. SSSR 1239920, 20.05.1996 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Kotljarenko, I. P. & Sukacheva, O. A. (1979). Biologicheski aktivnye iskusstvennye guminopodobnye soedinenija [Biologically active artificial humicsimilar connection]. Nauchnye doklady vysshej shkoly: Biologicheskie nauki, 3, 85-88 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Kotljarenko, I. P. & Tondij, L. D. (1980a). Vlijanie luchevyh i magnitnyh vozdejstvij na organomineral'nye bufernye vodnye sistemy [The influence of radiation and magnetic effects on organic aqueous buffer system]. Himija i tehnologija vody, 2(6), 514-517 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Kotljarenko, I. P. & Tondij, L. D. (1981). K voprosu o mehanizmah obrazovanija biologicheski aktivnyh guminopodobnyh soedinenij pri termicheskih, luchevyh i magnitnyh vozdejstvijah na bufernye organo-mineral'nye rastvory [To the question of formation mechanisms of biologically active humicsimilar compounds under thermal, radiation and magnetic effects on the buffer organo-mineral solutions]. Teorija rastvorov i ee primenenie v narodnom hozjajstve. Vishha shkola, Har'kov, 71-77 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Kovpak, L. A. & Kotljarenko, I. P. (1982). Opticheskie i jelektroopticheskie harakteristiki obluchennyh UF svetom bufernyh rastvorov gljukozy i hlornogo zheleza [Optical and electro-optical characteristics of the irradiated UV light buffer solutions of glucose and ferric chloride]. Doklady AN SSSR, 267(2), 391-394 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Orlov, D. S. & Kotljarenko, I. P. (1980b). Sravnitel'naja harakteristika himicheskih i fiziko-himicheskih svojstv guminovyh veshhestv, iskusstvennyh metallsoderzhashhih guminopodobnyh soedinenij i mumie [Comparative characteristics of the chemical and physico-chemical properties of humic substances, artificial humicsimilar metal-containing compounds and Shilajit]. Doklady AN SSSR, 255(4), 866-870 (in Russian).

Beskrovnyj, A. M., Severin, N. F., Shul'gina, L. M., Bondarenko, S. A., Zelendina, R. D., Medvedev, V. M., Krivoruchko, L. G., Kovpak, L. A., Kotljarenko, I. P. & Sukacheva, O. A. (1984). Sposob stimulirovanija rosta tomatov i kapusty [A method of stimulating the growth of tomatoes and cabbage]: A.s. SSSR 1080806, 23.03.1984 (in Russian).

Bessonova, V. P. & Ponomaryova, O. A. (2017). Morphometric characteristics and the content of plastid pigments of the needles of Picea pungens depending on the distance from the highways. Biosystems Diversity, 25(2), 96-101. doi:10.15421/011714

Billard, V., Etienne, P., Jannin, L., Garnica, M., Cruz, F., Garcia-Mina, J.-M., Yvin, J.-C., Ourry, A. (2014). Two biostimulants derived from algae or humic acid induce similar responses in the mineral content and gene expression of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). J. Plant Growth Regul, 33, 305–316. doi: 10.1007/s00344-013-9372-2.

Bobylev, E. G., Beskrovnyj, A. M., Hudenskij, Ju. K. & Slobodjanjuk, V. N. (1975). Sposob poluchenija biologicheski aktivnogo veshhestva [The method of obtaining biologically active substances]: A.s. SSSR 459476, 05.02.1975 (in Russian).

Borowski, E., & Blamowski, Z. K. (2009). The effects of triacontanol ‘TRIA’and Asahi SL on the development and metabolic activity of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) plants treated with chilling. Folia Horticulturae, 21(1), 39-48. doi: 10.2478/fhort-2013-0124.

Brown, P. and Saa, S. (2015). Biostimulants in agriculture. Front. Plant Sci, 6, 671. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00671.

Budzyñski, W., Dubis, B., & Jankowski, K. (2008a). Response of winter oilseed rape to the biostymulator Asahi SL applied in spring. Field Crops, 18, 47–55.

Budzyñski, W., Dubis, B., & Jankowski, K. (2008b). Rresponse of winter oilseed rape to the biostimulator asahi sl applied in spring. Field Crops, 18, 47–55.

Bugajov, F. S., Kompancev, D. V., Slivkin, A. I. & Provotorova, S. I. (2015). Analiz patentnoj bazy tehnologii poluchenija jekstrakta mumie [Analysis of patent databases technology extract of Mumio. The modern state]. Sovremennoe sostojanie. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Himija. Biologija. Farmacija, 4, 113-118 (in Russian).

Bulgari, R., Cocetta, G., Trivellini, A., Vernieri, P., and Ferrante, A. (2015). Biostimulants and crop responses: a review. Biol. Agric. Hortic, 31, 1–17. doi: 10.1080/01448765.2014.964649.

Burdykin, B. N. (2003). Mumie iz glubiny planety. Zhivitel'naja sila gornogo bal'zama [Mumio from the depths of the planet. Life-giving force of mountain balm]. Ves', Saint Petersburg: (in Russian).

Bykadorova, T. K. (2007). Fiziko-geograficheskij obzor Juzhnoj Jakutii [Physico-geographical overview of South Yakutia]. Nerjungrinskij rajon: istrija, kul'tura, fol'kl'or. Biichik, Jakutsk,14-22 (in Russian).

Calvo, P., Nelson, L., and Kloepper, J. W. (2014). Agricultural uses of plant biostimulants. Plant Soil, 383, 3–41. doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2131-8.

Canellas, L. P., & Olivares, F. L. (2014). Physiological responses to humic substances as plant growth promoter. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 1(1), 3. doi: 10.1186/2196-5641-1-3.

Caulet, R. P., Gradinariu, G., Iurea, D., & Morariu, A. (2014). Influence of furostanol glycosides treatments on strawberry (Fragaria× ananassa Duch.) growth and photosynthetic characteristics under drought condition. Scientia Horticulturae, 169, 179-188. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2014.02.031.

Cerdán, M., Sánchez-Sánchez, A., Jordá, J. D., Juárez, M., & Sánchez-Andreu, J. (2013). Effect of commercial amino acids on iron nutrition of tomato plants grown under lime-induced iron deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 176(6), 859-866. doi: 10.1002 / jpln.201200525.

Chambers, J. W. (2014). Tea extracts and uses in promoting plant growth. U.S. Patent No. 20140113814 A1, 27. Available from: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2014/0113814.html/ Accessed on 02.01.2018.

Chambolle, C. (2005). Biostimulants: humus substances. PHM Revue Horticole, 468, 21-23.

Chen, Y., Clapp, C. E., & Magen, H. (2004). Mechanisms of plant growth stimulation by humic substances: The role of organo-iron complexes. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 50(7), 1089-1095. doi: 10.1080/00380768.2004.10408579.

Chinta, Y. D., Kano, K., Widiastuti, A., Fukahori, M., Kawasaki, S., Eguchi, Y., ... & Fujiwara, K. (2014). Effect of corn steep liquor on lettuce root rot (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae) in hydroponic cultures. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94(11), 2317-2323. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6561.

Colla, G., Rouphael, Y., Canaguier, R., Svecova, E., and Cardarelli, M. (2014). Biostimulant action of a plant-derived protein hydrolysate produced through enzymatic hydrolysis. Front. Plant Sci. 5, 448. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00448.

Colla, G., Rouphael, Y., Di Mattia, E., El-Nakhel, C., and Cardarelli, M. (2015). Co-inoculation of Glomus intraradices and Trichoderma atroviride acts as a biostimulant to promote growth, yield and nutrient uptake of vegetable crops. J. Sci. Food Agric, 95, 1706–1715. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6875.

Craigie, J. S. (2011). Seaweed extract stimuli in plant science and agriculture. J. Appl. Phycol, 23, 371–393. doi: 10.1007/s10811-010-9560-4.

Crouch, I. J., & Van Staden, J. (1993). Evidence for the presence of plant growth regulators in commercial seaweed products. Plant growth regulation, 13(1), 21-29. doi: 10.1007/BF00207588.

Daniels, R. S. (2013). Corn steep liquor as a biostimulant composition. U.S. Patent No. 8568758 B2, 12. Available from: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2012/0028801.html/ Accessed on 03.01.2018.

Dobbss, L. B., Pasqualoto Canellas, L., Lopes Olivares, F., Oliveira Aguiar, N., Peres, L. E. P., Azevedo, M., ... & Façanha, A. R. (2010). Bioactivity of chemically transformed humic matter from vermicompost on plant root growth. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58(6), 3681-3688. doi: 10.1021/jf904385c.

Dragovoz, I. V., YAvorskaya, V. K., Antonyuk, V. P., & Kurchij, B. A. (2009). Gormonal'nye soedineniya, produciruemye associaciej mikroorganizmov iz rizosfery zhen'shenya [Hormonal substances produced by microorganism association from ginseng roots]. Physiol. i biohimiya kul'turnyh rastenij, 41, 393–399 (in Russian).

Du Jardin, P. (2015). Plant biostimulants: definition, concept, main categories and regulation. Sci. Hortic. 196, 3–14. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.09.021.

Duhovskij, P. V., Junnis, R., Brazajtite, A. & Zhukauskajte, I. (2003). Reakcija rastenij na kompleksnoe vozdejstvie prirodnyh i antropogennyh stressov [The response of plants to integrated impact of natural and anthropogenic stresses]. Fiziologija rastenij, 50(2), 165-173 (in Russian).

EBIC (2012). What are biostimulants? Available from: http://www.biostimulants.eu/about/what-are-biostimulants/ Accessed on 10.01.2018.

Elovskaja, L. G. (1987). Klassifikacija i diagnostika merzlotnyh pochv Jakutii [Classification and diagnosis of permafrost soils of Yakutia]. Jakutsk (in Russian).

Ertani, A., Cavani, L., Pizzeghello, D., Brandellero, E., Altissimo, A., Ciavatta, C., & Nardi, S. (2009). Biostimulant activity of two protein hydrolyzates in the growth and nitrogen metabolism of maize seedlings. Journal of plant nutrition and soil science, 172(2), 237-244. doi: 10.1002/jpln.200800174.

Ertani, A., Francioso, O., Tugnoli, V., Righi, V., and Nardi, S. (2011). Effect of commercial lignosulfonate-humate on Zea mays L. metabolism. J. Agric. Food Chem. 59, 11940–11948. doi: 10.1021/jf202473e.

Ertani, A., Nardi, S. & Altissimo, A. (2013a). Long-term research activity on the biostimulant properties of natural origin compounds. Acta Horticulture, 1009, 181-188. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1009.22.

Ertani, A., Pizzeghello, D., Baglieri, A., Cadili, V., Tambone, F., Gennari, M., & Nardi, S. (2013b). Humic-like substances from agro-industrial residues affect growth and nitrogen assimilation in maize (Zea mays L.) plantlets. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 129, 103-111. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.10.001.

Ertani, A., Pizzeghello, D., Francioso, O., Sambo, P., Sanchez-Cortes, S., and Nardi, S. (2014). Capsicum chinensis L. growth and nutraceutical properties are enhanced by biostimulants in a long-term period: chemical and metabolomic approaches. Front. Plant Sci. 5, 375. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00375.

Ertani, A., Schiavon, M., Altissimo, A., Franceschi, C., & Nardi, S. (2011). Phenol-containing organic substances stimulate phenylpropanoid metabolism in Zea mays. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 174(3), 496-503. doi: 10.1002 / jpln.201000075.

Ertani, A., Schiavon, M., Muscolo, A., & Nardi, S. (2013c). Alfalfa plant-derived biostimulant stimulate short-term growth of salt stressed Zea mays L. plants. Plant and soil, 364(1-2), 145-158. doi: 10.1007/s11104-012-1335-z.

Ferrante, A., Trivellini, A., Vernieri, P., & Piaggesi, A. (2012). Application of Actiwave® for improving the rooting of Camellia cuttings. In I World Congress on the Use of Biostimulants in Agriculture 1009 (pp. 213-218). doi: 10.17660 / ActaHortic.2013.1009.25.

Filatov, V. P. (1945). Opticheskaja peresadka rogovicy i tkanevaja terapija [Optical transplantation of cornea and tissue therapy]. Medgiz, Moskva (in Russian).

Filatov, V. P. (1948). Tkanevaja terapija. Lechenie biogennymi stimuljatorami [Tissue therapy. Treatment by biogenic stimulants]. Tashkent (in Russian).

Filatov, V. P. (1953). Tkanevaja terapija. Biogennye stimuljatory. Peresadka rogovicy [Tissue therapy. Biogenic stimulators. Corneal transplantation]. Kyiv (in Russian).

Fleming, C. C., Turner, S. J., & Hunt, M. (2006). Management of root knot nematodes in turfgrass using mustard formulations and biostimulants. Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences, 71(3 Pt A), 653-658.

Garcia, A. C., de Souza, L. G. A., Pereira, M. G., Castro, R. N., Garcia-Mina, J. M., Zonta, E., Lisboa, F. J. G. & Berbera, R. L. L. (2016). Structure-property-function relationship in humic substances to explain the biological activity in plants. Sci. Rep., 6, 20798. doi: 10.1038/srep20798.

García, A. C., Izquierdo, F. G., & Berbara, R. L. L. (2014). Effects of humic materials on plant metabolism and agricultural productivity. In Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance, 1 (pp. 449-466). doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800876-8.00018-7.

Garnett, T., Appleby, M.C., Balmford, A., Bateman, I. J., Benton, T. G., Bloomer, P., Burlingame, B., Dawkins, M., Dolan, L., Fraser, D., Herrero, M., Hoffmann, I., Smith, P., Thornton, P. K., Toulmin, C., Vermeulen, S. J., Godfray, H. C. J. (2013). Sustainable intensification in agriculture: premises and policies. Science, 341, 33–34. doi: 10.1126/science.1234485.

Gawrońska, H., Przybysz, A., Szalacha, E., & Słowiński, A. (2008). Physiological and molecular mode of action of Asahi SL biostimulator under optimal and stress conditions. Biostimulators in Modern Agriculture. General Aspects”. H. Gawrońska (Ed.). Editorial House Wieś Jutra, Warsaw, 54-77.

Golovko, T. K. (2005). Aktual'nye voprosy jekofiziologii rastenij. Strukturno-funkcional'nye osobennosti biosistem Severa (osobi, populjacii, soobshhestva) [Current issues of ecophysiology of plants. Structural and functional features of biological systems of the North (individuals, populations, communities)], I. Petrozavodsk. Petrozavodsk State Universitsy Press, 88-91 (in Russian).

Gulluoglu, L., Arioglu, H., & Arslan, M. (2006). Effects of some plant growth regulators and nutrient complexes on above-ground biomass and seed yield of soybean grown under heat-stressed environment. Journal of Agronomy, 5, 126–130. doi: 10.3923/ja.2006.126.130.

Gurov, E. A. (2014). Harakteristika IK spektrov kompleksov guminopodobnoj kisloty obrazcov mumie s metallami [Characterization the IR spectrum of the complexes humicsimilar acid Shilajit samples with metals]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija, 6, 1793-1796 (in Russian).

Hanafy, M. S., Saadawy, F. M., Milad, S. M. N., & Ali, R. M. (2012). Effect of some natural extracts on growth and chemical constituents of Schefflera arboricola plants. Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental Plants, 4(1), 26-33.

Helal, A. A., Murad, G. A. & Helal, A.A. (2011). Characterization of different humic materials by various analytical techniques. Arab. J. Chem., 4, 51–54. doi: 10.1016/J.arabjc.2010.06.018

Hernandez-Herrera, R. M., Santacruz-Ruvalcaba, F., Ruiz-Lopez, M. A., Norrie, J., Hernandez-Carmona, G. (2014). Effect of liquid seaweed extracts on growth of tomato seedlings (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Journal of Applied Phycology, 26, 619–628. doi: 10.1007/s10811-013-0078-4.

Herve, J. J. (1994). Biostimulant, a new concept for the future and prospects offered by chemical synthesis and biotechnologies. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France (France).

Jannin, L., Arkoun, M., Etienne, P., Laîné, P., Goux, D., Garnica, M., et al. (2013). Brassica napus growth is promoted by Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jol. seaweed extract: microarray analysis and physiological characterization of N, C, and S metabolisms. Journal of plant growth regulation, 32(1), 31-52. doi: 10.1007/s00344-012-9273-9.

Jannin, L., Arkoun, M., Ourry, A., Laîné, P., Goux, D., Garnica, M., et al. (2012). Microarray analysis of humic acid effects on Brassica napus growth: involvement of N, C and S metabolisms. Plant Soil. 359, 297–319. doi: 10.1007/s11104-012-1191-x.

Kauffman, G. L., Kneivel, D. P., & Watschke, T. L. (2007). Effects of a biostimulant on the heat tolerance associated with photosynthetic capacity, membrane thermostability, and polyphenol production of perennial ryegrass. Crop Science, 47(1), 261-267. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2006.03.0171

Khan, W., Rayirath, U. P., Subramanian, S., Jithesh, M. N., Rayorath, P., Hodges, D. M., et al. (2009). Seaweed extracts as biostimulants of plant growth and development. J. Plant Growth Regul, 28, 386–399. doi: 10.1007/s00344-009-9103-x.

Kolomazník, K., Pecha, J., Friebrová, V., Janáčová, D., and Vašek, V. (2012). Diffusion of biostimulators into plant tissues. Heat Mass Transfer, 48, 1505–1512. doi: 10.1007/s00231-012-0998-6.

Kolotov, B. A., Demidov, V. V. & Volkov, S. N. (2003). Sostojanie hlorofilla kak fundamental'nyj priznak degradacii okruzhajushhej sredy pri zagrjaznenii ee tjazhelymi metallami [The state of chlorophyll as a fundamental sign of the degradation of the environment by pollution with heavy metals]. Doklady Akademii nauk, T. 393, 4, 567-569 (in Russian).

Konorovskij, A. K. (1984). Pochvy severa zony Malogo BAMa [The soils of the North zone Small BAM]. Nauka SO, Novosibirsk (in Russian).

Kozlova, G. G. (1998). Prirodnye mineral'no-organicheskie soedinenija - jeffektivnoe sredstvo biozashhity [Natural mineral-organic compounds is an effective means of biosecurity]: Materialy seminara «Gemmos». Riga (in Russian).

Kozlova, G. G. (2003). Mineral'no-organicheskij substrat «ljonkin». Teorija i primenenie na praktike [Mineral-organic substratum "lenkin". Theory and practical application]. NPP Kan'on, Moskva (in Russian).

Kozlova, G. G., Ladygin, M. V., Patrekeev, V. S. & Chernyh, B. P. (1998). Pishhevoe veshhestvo MOS «ljonkin» biozashhitnogo dejstvija [Food substance MOS "lenkin" bioprotective action]: patent RU 2111680, 27.05.1998 (in Russian).

Księżak, J. (2008). Effect of biostimulator Asahi SL on yield of maize grain. Biostimulators in Modern Agriculture. Field Crops. Editorial House Wieś Jutra, Warszawa, 60-65.

Kurkin, V. A., Akimova, N. L., Avdeeva, E. V., Ezhkov, V. N. & Petruhina, I. K. (2010). Biogennye stimuljatory i adaptogeny [Biogenic stimulators and adaptogens]. Immunnaja sistema i immunokorrektory, Samara, 193-210 (in Russian).

Lucini, L., Rouphael, Y., Cardarelli, M., Canaguier, R., Kumar, P., and Colla, G. (2015). The effect of a plant-derived biostimulant on metabolic profiling and crop performance of lettuce grown under saline conditions. Sci. Hortic, 182, 124–133. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2014.11.022.

Maini, P. (2006). The experience of the first biostimulant, based on aminoacids and peptides: a short retrospective review on the laboratory researches and the practical results. Fertilitas Agrorum, 1, 29–43.

Martínez-Gil, A. M., Angenieux, M., Pardo-García, A. I., Alonso, G. L., Ojeda, H., & Salinas, M. R. (2013a). Glycosidic aroma precursors of Syrah and Chardonnay grapes after an oak extract application to the grapevines. Food chemistry, 138(2-3), 956-965. doi:


Martínez-Gil, A. M., Pardo-García, A. I., Zalacain, A., Alonso, G. L., & Salinas, M. R. (2013b). Lavandin hydrolat applications to Petit Verdot vineyards and their impact on their wine aroma compounds. Food research international, 53(1), 391-402. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2013.05.012.

Masjutin, P. Ja. (1993). Osvoenie zemel' v Juzhnoj Jakutii [Land development in South Yakutia]. Krasnojarsk (in Russian).

Maslova, T. G. & Popova, I. A. (1993). Adaptive Properties of the Pigment Systems. Photosynthetica, 29, 95-203.

Matyjaszczyk, E. (2015). Products containing microorganisms as a tool in integrated pest management and the rules of their market placement in the European Union. Pest Manag. Sci. 71, 1201–1206. doi: 10.1002/ps.3986.

Mayhew, L. (2004). Humic substances in biological agriculture. Acres, 34, 1-2.

Mikkelsen, R. L. (2005). Humic materials for agriculture. Better Crop., 89(3), 6-10.

Muchnik, S. R., Solov'eva, V. P. (1989). Tkanevaja terapija i tkanevye preparaty po V.P. Filatovu [Tissue therapy and tissue preparations according to V. P. Filatov]. Medjeksport, Moskva (in Russian).

Muscolo, A., Sidari, M., Attina, E., Francioso, O., Tugnoli, V. & Nardi, S. (2007). Biological activity of humic substances is related to their chemical structure. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71, 75-85. doi: 10.2136/sssaj2006.0055

Nardi, S., Pizzeghello, D., Schiavon, M., and Ertani, A. (2016). Plant biostimulants: physiological responses induced by protein hydrolyzed-based products and humic substances in plant metabolism. Sci. Agric, 73, 18–23. doi: 10.1590/0103-9016-2015-0006.

Odzoba, D. M., Blyth, J. C., Engler, R.F., Dinel, H. & Schnitzer, M (2001). Leonardite and Humified Organic Matter. In: Humic Substances: Structures, Models and Functions. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 310-313. doi: 10.1017/S0021859602252259.

Omar, H. H., Abdullatif, B. M., Al-Kazan, M. M., & El-Gendy, A. M. (2015). Various applications of seaweed improves growth and biochemical constituents of Zea mays L. and Helianthus annuus L. Journal of plant nutrition, 38(1), 28-40. doi: 10.1080/01904167.2014.911893.

Orlov, D. S. (1990). Gumusovye kisloty pochv i obshhaja teorija gumifikacii [Humic acids of soils and General theory of humification]. Moscow: Moscow State University Press (in Russian).

Orlov, D. S. (1990). Jekologo-geohimicheskie problemy gumusoobrazovanija [Ecologo-geochemical problems of humification]. Nauchnye trudy Pochvennogo instituta im. V. V. Dokuchaeva, Moscow (in Russian).

Orlov, D. S. (1995). Humic Substances of Soils and General Theory of Humifiction. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., 323 p. doi: 10.1007/1-4020-3252-8_2.

Orlov, D.S. (1992). Soil Chemistry. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

Parađiković, N., Vinković, T., Vinković Vrček, I., Žuntar, I., Bojić, M., & Medić-Šarić, M. (2011). Effect of natural biostimulants on yield and nutritional quality: an example of sweet yellow pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91(12), 2146-2152. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4431.

Pardo-García, A. I., Martínez-Gil, A. M., Cadahía, E., Pardo, F., Alonso, G. L., Salinas, M. R. (2014). Oak extract application to grapevines as a plant biostimulant to increase wine polyphenols. Food Res. Int, 55, 150–160. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2013.11.004.

Parrado, J., Bautista, J., Romero, E. J., García-Martínez, A. M., Friaza, V., and Tejada, M. (2008). Production of a carob enzymatic extract: potential use as a biofertilizer. Bioresour. Technol, 99, 2312–2318. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.05.029.

Parrado, J., Escudero-Gilete, M. L., Friaza, V., García-Martínez, A., González-Miret, M. L., Bautista, J. D., & Heredia, F. J. (2007). Enzymatic vegetable extract with bio-active components: Influence of fertiliser on the colour and anthocyanins of red grapes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87(12), 2310-2318. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.2989.

Pasechnikova, N. V. (2006). Istorija razvitija tkanevoj terapii po V.P. Filatovu [The history of the development of tissue therapy according to V. P. Filatov]. Oftal'mologicheskij zhurnal, 3(II), 93-96 (in Russian).

Pasechnikova, N. V., Mal'cev, Je. V., Sotnikova, E. P. & Moroz, O. A. (2011a). Preparaty tkanevoj terapii. Chast' 1. Obshhie polozhenija i spisok literatury [Drugs tissue therapy. Part 1. General provisions and references]. Oftal'mologicheskij zhurnal, 3 (440), 79-88 (in Russian). Available from: http://www.ozhurnal.com/en/archive/2011/3/18/ Accessed on 20.12.2017.

Pasechnikova, N. V., Mal'cev, Je. V., Sotnikova, E. P. & Moroz, O. A. (2011b). Preparaty tkanevoj terapii. Chast' 2. Naibolee shiroko primenjajushhiesja predstaviteli [Drugs tissue therapy. Part 2. The most widely used representatives]. Oftal'mologicheskij zhurnal, 4 (441), 83-91 (in Russian).

Pogoda i klimat [Weather and climate]. Available from: http://www.pogoda.ru.net/ Accessed on 10.01.2018

Posobie po geografii Jakutii (1993) [The manual of geography of Yakutia]. Biichik, Jakutsk, (in Russian).

Pretorius, J. C. (2007). Seed suspensions from “Lupinus albus”, isolated compounds thereof and use as biological plant strengthening agent. Patent No. WO2007090438 A1, 59. Available from: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/WO2007090438A1.html/ Accessed on 05.01.2018.

Pretorius, J. C. (2013). Extracts and compounds from Agapanthus africanus and their use as biological plant protecting agents. U.S. Patent No. 8435571, WO 2007003286 A2. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Available from: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/WO2007003286A2.html/ Accessed on 02.01.2018

Przybysz, A., Gawrońska, H., & Gajc-Wolska, J. (2014). Biological mode of action of a nitrophenolates-based biostimulant: case study. Frontiers in plant science, 5, 713. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00713.

Rassohin, A. V. (2014). Tkanevaja placentarnaja terapija [Placental tissue therapy]. JeLBI-SPb, Saint Petersburg (in Russian).

Ravensberg, W. J. (2015). Commercialisation of microbes: present situation and future prospects. In Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions (pp. 309-317). Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-08575-3_32.

Rivera, C. M., Salerno, A., Sequi, P., Rea, E., & Trinchera, A. (2010). Exploring biostimulant effect of a Brassicacea plant extract: use of maize seedling development as reference bioassay. Acta Horticulturae, (884), 737-744.

Rockström, J., Williams, J., Daily, G., Noble, A., Matthews,

N., Gordon, L., ... & de Fraiture, C. (2017). Sustainable intensification of agriculture for human prosperity and global sustainability. Ambio, 46(1), 4-17. doi: 10.1007/s13280-016-0793-6.

Rodríguez-Morgado, B., Gómez, I., Parrado, J., & Tejada, M. (2014). Behaviour of oxyfluorfen in soils amended with edaphic biostimulants/biofertilizers obtained from sewage sludge and chicken feathers. Effects on soil biological properties. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(18), 11027-11035. doi: 10.1007/s11356-014-3040-3.

Rose, M. T., Patti, A. F., Little, K. R., Brown, A. L., Jackson, W. R., and Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). A meta-analysis and review of plant-growth response to humic substances: practical implications for agriculture. Adv. Agron, 124, 37–89. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800138-7.00002-4.

Sánchez-Gómez, R., Garde-Cerdán, T., Zalacain, A., Garcia, R., Cabrita, M. J., & Salinas, M. R. (2016b). Vine-shoot waste aqueous extract applied as foliar fertilizer to grapevines: Effect on amino acids and fermentative volatile content. Food chemistry, 197, 132-140. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.034.

Sánchez-Gómez, R., Sánchez-Vioque, R., Santana-Méridas, O., Martín-Bejerano, M., Alonso, G. L., Salinas, M. R., & Zalacain, A. (2017a). A potential use of vine-shoot wastes: The antioxidant, antifeedant and phytotoxic activities of their aqueous extracts. Industrial crops and products, 97, 120-127. doi: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.12.009.

Sánchez-Gómez, R., Zalacain, A., Pardo, F., Alonso, G. L., & Salinas, M. R. (2016a). An innovative use of vine-shoots residues and their “feedback” effect on wine quality. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 37, 18-26. doi: 10.1016/j.ifset.2016.07.021.

Sánchez-Gómez, R., Zalacain, A., Pardo, F., Alonso, G. L., & Salinas, M. R. (2017b). Moscatel vine-shoot extracts as a grapevine biostimulant to enhance wine quality. Food Research International, 98, 40-49. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2017.01.004.

Satish, L., Rameshkumar, R., Rathinapriya, P., Pandian, S., Rency, A. S., Sunitha, T., & Ramesh, M. (2015). Effect of seaweed liquid extracts and plant growth regulators on in vitro mass propagation of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) through hypocotyl and leaf disc explants. Journal of applied phycology, 27(2), 993-1002. doi: 10.1007/s10811-014-0375-6.

Savinyh, M. I. (1999). Vse o mumie (materialy i rezul'taty) [All about mummies (and results)]. Kuzneckaja krepost', Novokuzneck (in Russian).

Savvinov, D. D. (1989). Pochvy Jakutii: Problemy racional'nogo ispol'zovanija pochvennyh resursov, ih melioracija i ohrana [Soils of Yakutia: problems of rational use of soil resources, their improvement and conservation]. Jakutsk (in Russian).

Savvinyh, M. I. (2002). Mumie v Rossii [Mumio in Russia]. Saint Peteersburg. IA Partner (in Russian).

Schiavon, M., Ertani, A., & Nardi, S. (2008). Effects of an alfalfa protein hydrolysate on the gene expression and activity of enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and nitrogen metabolism in Zea mays L. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 56(24), 11800-11808. doi: 10.1021/jf802362g.

Shakirov, A. Sh. (1983). Tajna drevnego bal'zama mumie-asil' [Mystery of ancient balm mumie-Asil]. Medicina, Tashkent (in Russian).

Sharma, H. S. S., Fleming, C., Selby, C., Rao, J. R., and Martin, T. (2014). Plant biostimulants: a review on the processing of macroalgae and use of extracts for crop management to reduce abiotic and biotic stresses. J. Appl. Phycol, 26, 465–490. doi: 10.1007/s10811-013-0101-9.

Sharma, S. H. S., Lyons, G., McRoberts, C., McCall, D., Carmichael, E., Andrews, F., et al. (2012). Brown seaweed species from Strangford Lough: compositional analyses of seaweed species and biostimulant formulations by rapid instrumental methods. J. Appl. Phycol, 24, 1141–1157. doi: 10.1007/s10811-011-9744-6.

Sharp, R. G. (2013). A review of the applications of chitin and its derivatives in agriculture to modify plant-microbial interactions and improve crop yields. Agronomy, 3, 757–793. doi: 10.3390/agronomy3040757.

Shlyk, A. A. (1971). Opredelenie hlorofillov i karotinoidov v jekstraktah zelenyh list'ev. Biohimicheskie metody v fiziologii rastenij [Determination of chlorophylls and carotenoids in extracts of green leaves. Biochemical methods in plant physiology]. Nauka, Moskva (in Russian).

Shveckij, A. G. (1991). Mumijo - nespecificheskij biogennyj stimuljator: ego svojstva i istorija s drevnosti do nashih dnej [Mumio is a non-specific biogenic stimulator: its properties and history from antiquity to the present day]. Krasnojarsk (in Russian).

Sidney, J. S. (2014). Safety and Efficacy of Shilajit (Mumie, Moomiyo). Phytotherapy Research, 28(4), 475-479. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5018

Sleighter, R. L., Caricasole, P., Richards, K. M., Hanson, T., & Hatcher, P. G. (2014). Characterization of humic substances fractionated by polarity and their biological effects on plant growth. In 17th Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society Ioannina, Greece 1-5 September (p. 246).

Sofo, A., Nuzzaci, M., Vitti, A., Tataranni, G., & Scopa, A. (2014). Control of biotic and abiotic stresses in cultivated plants by the use of biostimulant microorganisms. In Improvement of crops in the Era of Climatic Changes (pp. 107-117). Springer, New York, NY. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-8830-9_5.

Solov'eva, V. P. & Sotnikova, E. P. (2001). Jekstrakt aloje: nauchno-klinicheskie dannye [Extract of aloe: scientific and clinical data]. Medjeksport, Moskva (in Russian).

Sotnikova, E. P. (1998). Osnovnye mehanizmy bioregulirujushhego dejstvija natural'nyh adaptogenov po V.P. Filatovu [The basic bioregulatory mechanisms of action of natural adaptogens according to V. P. Filatov]. Naukova konferencija oftal'mologоv, prisvjachenna 90-richchju akad. N. O. Puchkоvs'koi. Odesa, 298-299 (in Russian).

Sotnikova, E. P. (2003). Adaptacija i biogennye stimuljatory po V.P. Filatovu [Adaptation and biogenic stimulators according to V. P. Filatov]. Aktual'ni pitannja tkaninnoi terapii ta perspektivi zastosuvannja prirodnih biologichno aktivnih rechovin u suchasnij medicini. Astroprint, Odesa, 7-9 (in Russian).

Sotnikova, E. P. (2007). Adaptacionnoe dejstvie biogennyh stimuljatorov po V. P. Filatovu [The adaptive action of biogenic stimulators according to V. P. Filatov]. Visnik Vinnic'kogo nacional'nogo med. universitetu, 11(2/2), 804-806 (in Russian).

Spinelli, F., Fiori, G., Noferini, M., Sprocatti, M., & Costa, G. (2010). A novel type of seaweed extract as a natural alternative to the use of iron chelates in strawberry production. Scientia horticulturae, 125(3), 263-269. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2010.03.011.

Stadnik, M. J., & Freitas, M. B. D. (2014). Algal polysaccharides as source of plant resistance inducers. Tropical Plant Pathology,39(2), 111-118. doi: 10.1590/S1982-56762014000200001.

Steinberg, C. E. W. (2003). Ecology of Humic Substances in Freshwaters. Springer, New York. doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-06815-1

Stevenson, F. J. (1994). Humus chemistry: genesis, composition, reactions. New York; Chichester: John Wiley.

Stirk, W. A., & van Staden, J. (2006). Seaweed products as biostimulants in agriculture. World seaweed resources: ETI Information Services Lts, Univ. Amesterdam, 1–32. Available fromt: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Wendy_Stirk/publication/257081078_Worldseaweed_resources/links/5419390f0 cf20 3f155adc7b7.pdf/ Accessed on 29.12.2017.

Tan, K. H. (2003). Humic Matter in Soil and the Environment. Marcel Dekker.

Tilman, D., Cassman, K. G., Matson, P. A., Naylor, R., Polasky S. (2002). Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature, 418/6898, 671-677. doi:10.1038/nature01014.

Trevisan, S., Francioso, O., Quaggiotti, S., and Nardi, S. (2010). Humic substances biological activity at the plant-soil interface from environmental aspects to molecular factors. Plant Signal. Behav, 5, 635–643. doi: 10.4161/psb.5.6.11211.

Vergnes, S., Ladouce, N., Fournier, S., Ferhout, H., Attia, F., & Dumas, B. (2014). Foliar treatments with Gaultheria procumbens essential oil induce defense responses and resistance against a fungal pathogen in Arabidopsis. Frontiers in plant science, 5, 477. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00477.

Verzhuk, V. G. & Nazarova A. V. (2003). Guminovye kisloty - biogennye stimuljatory rosta rastenij i povyshenija stressoustojchivosti [Humic acids are biogenic stimulators of plant growth and increase stress tolerance]. Novye i netradicionnye rastenija i perspektivy ih ispol'zovanija, 1. Pushhino (in Russian).

Vijayanand, N., Ramya, S. S., & Rathinavel, S. (2014). Potential of liquid extracts of Sargassum wightii on growth, biochemical and yield parameters of cluster bean plant. Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction, 3(2), 150-155. doi: 10.1016/S2305-0500(14)60019-1.

Viriji, M. G. (2007). A Plant Derived Biostimulant Formulation and Method for Preparation Thereof. Patent No. WO2007052282 A1. Available from http://www.freepatentsonline.com/WO2007052282A1.html/ Accessed on 01.01.2018.

Wrochna, M., Łata, B., Borkowska, B., & Gawrońska, H. (2008). The effect Asahi SL of biostimulators on ornament amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) plants exposed to salinity in growing medium. Monographs series: Biostimulators in modern agriculture, Ornament and Special Plants. Wieś Jutra, 15-32.

Xavier, L. J. C., & Boyetchko, S. M. (2002). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as biostimulants and bioprotectants of crops. In Applied mycology and biotechnology (Vol. 2, pp. 311-340). Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/S1874-5334(02)80015-6.

Yahin, O. I., Lubyanov, A. A., & Yahin, I. A. (2014). Sovremennye predstavleniya o biostimulyatorah [Modern ideas about biostimulators]. Agrohimiya, (7), 85-90.

Yahin, O. I., Lubyanov, A. A., & Yahin, I. F. (2016). Fiziologicheskaya aktivnost' biostimulyatorov i ehffektivnost' ih primeneniya [Physiological activity of biostimulators and efficiency of their application]. Agrohimiya, (6), 72-94. -

Yakhin, O. I., Lubyanov, A. A., Yakhin, I. A., & Brown, P. H. (2017). Biostimulants in plant science: a global perspective. Frontiers in plant science, 7, 2049. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.02049.

Yasmeen, A., Basra, S. M. A., Farooq, M., Rehman, H., Hussain, N., and Athar, H. R. (2013). Exogenous application of moringa leaf extract modulates the antioxidant enzyme system to improve wheat performance under saline conditions. Plant Growth Regul, 69, 225–233. doi: 10.1007/s10725-012-9764-5.

Yasmeen, A., Nouman, W., Basra, S. M. A., Wahid, A., Rehman, H., Hussain, N., et al. (2014). Morphological and physiological response of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) to natural and synthetic cytokinin sources: a comparative study. Acta Physiol. Plant, 36, 3147–3155. doi: 10.1007/s11738-014-1662-1.

Zajceva, N. V. & Poguljaeva, I. A. (2010). Biologicheski aktivnye veshhestva rastenij Juzhnoj Jakutii: ontogeneticheskij i jekologicheskij aspekty [Biologically active substances of plants of South Yakutia: ontogenetic and environmental aspects]. Perspektivy fitobiotehnologii dlja uluchshenija kachestva zhizni na Severe, 125-129 (in Russian).

Zajceva, N. V. & Poguljaeva, I. A. (2016). Osobennosti himicheskogo sostava rastenij Juzhnoj Jakutii [Features of chemical composition of plants of South Yakutia]. Uspehi sovremennoj nauki, 11-5, 145-155 (in Russian).

Zajceva, N. V. & Poguljaeva, I. A. (2017). Jekologo-biohimicheskie osobennosti rastenij roda Trifolium L., proizrastajushhih v Juzhnoj Jakutii (na primere g. Nerjungri) [Ecological and biochemical peculiarities of plants of the genus Trifolium L., growing in southern Yakutia (by the example of Neryungri)]. Izvestija Samarskogo nauchnogo centra RAN, 9-2(3), 441-448 (in Russian).

Zajceva, N. V. (2012). Sposob predposevnoj obrabotki semjan [Method of presowing treatment of seeds]: patent RU 2466523, 20.11.2012 (in Russian). Available from: http://www.fips.ru/Archive/PAT/2012FULL/2012.11.20/DOC/RUNWC2/000/000/002/466/523/DOCUMENT.PDF/ Accessed on 22.12.2017.

Zajceva, N. V. (2017a). Biologicheski aktivnye preparaty dlya rastenievodstva iz rastitel'nogo syr'ya YUzhnoj YAkutii [Biologically active preparations for plant growing from plant raw materials of southern Yakutia]. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya, (7), 30-35. doi: 10.17513/use.36473.

Zajceva, N. V. (2017b). Sposob poluchenija biologicheski aktivnyh preparatov, povyshajushhih vshozhest' semjan kul'turnyh rastenij i usilivajushhih ih ustojchivost' k neblagoprijatnym uslovijam [The method of obtaining biologically active drug, increases germination of seeds of cultural plants and increase their resistance to adverse conditions]: patent RU 2607013, 10.01.2017 (in Russian). Available from: http://www1.fips.ru/wps/PA_FipsPub/res/BULLETIN/IZPM/2017/01/10/INDEX_RU.HTM/ Accessed on 03.01.2018.

Zajceva, N. V., & Mazhaeva, Ju. E. (2014). Soderzhanie flavonoidov v vidah roda Trifolium i roda Astragalus, proizrastajushhih v Juzhnoj Jakutii (na primere g. Nerjungri) [The content of flavonoids in the species of the genus Trifolium and the genus Astragalus, growing in southern Yakutia (by the example of Neryungri)]. Fundamental'nye i prikladnye nauki segodnja, 2, 4-10 (in Russian).

Zaytseva, N. V. & Pogulyaeva I.А. (2014). Chromatographic analysis of chemical composition of the genus Rhododendron plants, growing on the mountain of Evota (South Yakutia). Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 8(5), 516-525.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018_249

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138