Anatomical and morphological features of the vegetative organs of succulent plants regards growth conditions

N.A. Kirilenko


Anatomical-morphological characteristics of leaves and stems of plants of succulent type Crassula perforata Thunbg., C. socialis Schonland (Crassulaceae), Senecio rowleyanus Jacods, and S. herreianus Moritz Kurt Din. (Asteraceae) from extreme habitats were studied. Basic quantitative parameters of anatomical indices were presented. The comparative analysis of the structure of vegetative organs of succulents was carried out. Several common features, which result from adaptation to such conditions of growth (characteristic peculiarities of the external structure, weak differentiation of mesophyll, considerable development of the water-bearing tissue) and features, which distinguish the studied species (the type of leaf mesophyll, presence of trichomes, type of the stomata apparatus, the degree of the conductive system development) were registered. The species which we studied is mainly spread in arid regions with warm climate and is capable of special САМ – type of photosynthesis, which enables it to survive under conditions of water deficiency and high temperature stress. In addition, arrangement of leaves in rosette makes it possible for the latter to shadow the other ones and condense moisture near the stem base. However, it can be seen from our research that under conditions of temperate climate plants, studied by us, preserved the anatomical structure, typical of tropical representatives from xeric habitats and have similar survival strategy, which is manifested at all levels of organisation: morphological, anatomical and physiological.


anatomy;stem;leaf;succulents;arid habitats

Full Text:



Babak, T.V. (2010). Structural features of representatives of the genus Sedum L. in the North. Journal of the Institute of Botany, 7, 18-22.

Barykina, R.P. (2004). Reference to botanical microtechnology. Moscow: Moscow State University (in Russian).

Berezkina, V.I. (2013). Features of the anatomical-morphological structure of the autonomic organs of the section Sedum of the genus Sedum L. (Crassulaceae DC). Modern Phytomorphology, 4, 299-301.

Borisovskaya, G.M. (1960). Anatomical and systematic study of some representatives of the family Crassulaceae DC. Bulletin of Leningrad University, 21(4), 159-162.

Butnik, A.A. (1983). Characteristics of the types of anomalous (polycambial) secondary thickening of the axial organs of the species of the Chenopodiaceae family. Botany journal, 68(5), 572-580. (in Russian)

Butnik, A.A., Timchenko, O.V. (1987). Leaf epidermal structure in species of Chenopodiaceae family. Botany journal, 72(8), 1021-1030. (in Russian)

Byalt, V.V. (1999). The list of type specimens of Crassulaceae in the Herbarium of the St. Petersburg Forestry Academy (KFTA). Botany journal, 84(7), 46-49. (in Russian)

Gaidarzhy, M.M. (2011). Vital forms of succulent as the adaptation in and arid climate. Scientific symposium “In situ and ex situ Plant Diversiry Conservation” Jasi, Romania, 68.

Gamaley, Y.V. (1984). The leaf anatomy of Gobi plants. Botany journal, 69(5), 569-584. (in Russian)

Gamaley, Y.V. (1985). Variations of kranz-anatomy in the plants of the Gobi and Karakum deserts. Botany journal, 70(10), 1302-1314. (in Russian)

Goncharova, S.B. (2006). Sedoideae (Crassulaceae) of Flora of the Russian Far East. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka.

Ivanova, N.A., Muzychko, L.M. (2013). Leaf anatomy of the plants growing saline soils. Bulletin of the Nizhnevartovsk State University, 3, 1-6. (in Russian)

Ivanova, N.A., Pyankov, N.A. (2002). Influence of environmental factors on the structural parameters of the leaf mesophyll. Botany journal, 87(12), 17-28. (in Russian)

Ilyinska, A.P. (1990). Anatomical studies from the family Crassulacea - Sempervivum ruthenicum Schnittsp. et C. B. Lehm and Rhodiola rosea L. Ukr. Botan. Zhurn, 47(3), 24-28. (in Russian)

Kalashnyk, S.O., Gaidarzhy, M.M. (2013). Anatomical characteristics of one year old stems of succulent plants of the genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). Ukr. Botan. Journal, 70(1), 45-53. (in Russian)

Kirilenko, N.A. (2016). Structural peculiarities of vegetative organs of Sempervivum tectorum L. (Crassulaceae) and Saliсornia europaea L. (Chenopodiaceae) – residents of extreme habitats. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 6(9), 883-892. Doi:

Plohinsky, N.A. (1980). Algorithms biometrics. Moscow: Moscow State University. (in Russian)

Von Willert, D.J., Eller, B.M., Werger, M.J., Brinckmann, E., Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1992). Life strategies of Succulents in Deserts with Special Reference to the Namib Desert. London: Cambridge University Press.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138