Ecological impact of unemployment on rural-urban migration in Zeberkhan District of Nishapur County

Rita Alizadeh, Hamid Ja’fari, Katayoon Alizadeh, Mahdi Jahani Sani

Abstract


In developing countries including Iran, migration from village to city is considered among the most important socio-economic and political issues. Migration, both in the origin and destination, creates various problems and difficulties such as changes in population composition, unemployment, level of wages and per capita income, the incidence of multiple disorders caused by pressure on the limited resources of urban communities andevacuation and destruction of villages. Today, one of the government’s main concerns is to control the irregular migration, solve the city’s problems and reduce the adverse effects of migration in rural areas. If this problem is not fundamentally addressed, irregular migrations will turn into uncontrollable economic, social and political crises of society. Since the phenomenon of migration makes multiple negative effects on the origin (village) and destination (city), the ultimate goal of all rural planning is to preserve population in the environment of villages, and any study helping to maintain population in villages and reduce the migration process is important and its implementation is necessary. The present study seeks to identify the most effective factors in migration incentives of villagers in the region under investigation. Thus, the main purpose of this research is to evaluate the impact of unemployment on migration. In the present study, field work and document study were used for data collection. To this end, 10 sample villages were selected and questionnaires were distributed and completed among these villages. The reliability and validity and the number of questionnaires were calculated by Cochran formula, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The obtained results demonstrated that unemployment has a great effect (a high impact is relative; we should say the greatest impact) on the migration of villagers in the studied region. Hence, it is essential to make a decisive decision in relation to identifying the factors affecting the migration of villagers and suggest practical solutions to control this migration.


Keywords


rural-urban migration;Zeberkhan District;Nishapur County

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018_238

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© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138