M. I. Golubiev, M. Yu. Sychov, T. A. Golubieva


We investigated the growing quail patterns while feeding with different sources of copper. We conducted experimental studies in terms of problem research Laboratory of feed additives, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. We selected Pharaon quails as the material for scientific experiments which was carried out by analog group method. The study was conducted on 120 day-old Japanese quail chicks which were randomly divided into three group viz., 1, 2, and 3 of hundred birds each. Group 2 and 3 were given feed supplement, with copper sulphate, copper glycinate, and copper citrate twice per day – in morning and in evening along with basal diet and the group 1 was kept as control.

We established that body weight of quails fed with copper citrate (copper contain 8 mg/kg of feed) was by 2 % larger then in control group. During the study, we registered high level of quail preservation in the experimental groups. The poultry, which fed copper citrate had the lowest cost of feed per one kilo of growth.


quails; sources of copper; body weight; feed consumption; mixed fodder

Full Text:



Abaza, I.M., Ezzat, W., Shoeib, M.S., El–Zaiat A.A., Hassan, I.I. (2009). Effects of copper sulfate on productive, reproductive performance and blood constituents of laying Japanese quail fed optimal and sub–optimal protein. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 8, 80–89. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2009.80.89

Ahmad, F., Javed, M.T., Sandhu, M.A., Kausar, R. (2004). Effects of higher levels of chromium and copper on broiler health and performance during the peak tropical summer season. Vet. Arhiv, 74, 395–408, 2004

Aoyagi S., Baker D.H. (1993). Nutritional evaluation of a copper–methionine complex for chicks. Poult. Sci., 72, 2309–2315. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0722309 PMid:8309880

Arias, V.J., Koutos, E.A. (2006). Effects of copper source and level on intestinal physiology and growth of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 85, 999–1007. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/85.6.999 PMid:16776467

Baker D. H., Odle J., Funk M. A., Wieland T. M. (1991). Bioavailability of copper in cupric oxide, cuprous oxide, and in a copper–lysine complex. Poult. Sci., 70, 177–179. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0700177 PMid:1901993

Batyuzhevs'kiy, Yu.N., Klymenko, T.Ye., Bratyshko, N.I. (2005). Rekomendatsiyi z vykorystannya v hodivli ptytsi kombikormiv z chastkovoyu ta povnoyu zaminoyu proteyinu tvarynnoho pokhodzhennya: metodychni rekomendatsiyi. Birky (in Ukrainian).

Brainer, M.M.A., Menten, J.F.M., Vale, M.M., Morais, S.C.D. (2003). Cupric citrate as growth promoter for broiler chickens in different rearing stages. Scientia Agricola, 60, 441–445. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162003000300004

Chowdhury, S.D., Paik, I.K., Namkung, H., Lim, H.S. (2004). Responses of broiler chickens to organic copper fed in the form of copper–methionine chelate. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol, 115, 281–293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2004.03.009

Dozier, W.A., Davis, A.J., Freeman, M.E., Ward, T.L. (2003). Early growth and environmental implications of dietary zinc and copper concentrations and sources of broiler chicks. Br. Poult. Sci., 44, 726–731. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660310001643714 PMid:14965093

Emelyanov, A.M., Kotomcev V.V., Sbrodov, F.M. (2002). Bioelementy v racione ptic. Ekaterinburg: Uralskaya GSXA (in Russian).

Gaetke, L.M., Chow, C.K. (2003). Copper toxicity, oxidative stress, and antioxidant nutrients. Toxicology., 189 (1–2), 147–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-483X(03)00159-8

Gheisari, A.A., Sanei, A. Samie, A., Gheisari, M.M., Toghyani. M. (2011). Effect of diets supplemented with different levels of manganese, zinc, and copper from their organic or inorganic sources on egg production and quality characteristics in laying hens. Biol Trace Elem Res, 142(2011), 557–571. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-010-8779-x PMid:20711683

Klasing, C.K. (1998). Comparative Avian Nutrition. CAB Int., New York, NY.

Miles, R., Henry, P., Sampath, V., Shivazad, M., Comer, C (2003). Relative bioavailability of novel amino acid chelates of manganese and copper for chicks. J Appl Poult Res, 12 (2003), pp. 417–423. https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/12.4.417

Mondal, M.K., Das, T.K., Biswas, P. (2007). Influence of dietary inorganic and organic copper salt and level of soybean oil on plasma lipids, metabolites and mineral balance of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol., 139, 212–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.01.014

Reece, W.O. (2004). Dukes' Physiology of Domestic Animals. 12th edition. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Samanta, B., Ghosh, P.R., Biswas, A., Das, S.K. (2011). The Effects of Copper Supplementation on the Performance and Hematological Parameters of Broiler Chickens. Asian–Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 24(7), 1001–1006, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.10394

SCAN (2003). Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition: Opinion on the use of copper in Feeding stuff, European Commission publication.

Shahzad, M.N., Javed, M.T., Shabir, S., Irfan, M., Hussain, R. (2012). Effects of feeding urea and copper sulphate in different combinations on live body weight, carcass weight, percent weight to body weight of different organs and histopathological tissue changes in broilers. Exp. Toxicol. Path., 64, 141–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etp.2010.07.009 PMid:20829007

Vasanth, S., Dipu, M.T., Mercy, A.D., Shyama, K. (2015). Studies on production performance in broiler chicken supplementing copper and flavomycin in feed. International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, 3(3), 269–272.

Wang, Z., Cerrate, S., Coto, C., Yan, F., Waldroup, P. W. (2007). Evaluation of Mintrex copper as a source of copper in broiler diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci, 6, 308–313. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2007.308.313

Xia, M.S., Hu, C.H., Xu, Z.R. (2004). Effect of copper bearing montmorillonite on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and intestinal microflora and morphology of male broiler. Poult. Sci., 83(11), 1868–1875. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/83.11.1868 PMid:15554064

Zahedi, M., Ghiasi Ghalehkandi, J., Ebrahimnezhad, Y. (2013). Effects of different Levels of copper sulfate on small on Intestinal Physiology in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). International Journal of Biosciences, 3 (12), 252–257. https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.12.252-257

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_21

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138