Ecobiological threats of species distribution of the genus Heracleum on the territory of Kremenets, Ternopil region

I. M. Mykhalyuk, O. K. Halahan, O. I. Duh

Abstract


The article deals with the problem of the invasive species spread (Heracleum sosnowskyi and Heracleum mantegazzianum) which can constitute a significant threat to natural ecosystems, people and economy. The peculiarities of Heracleum distribution on the territory of Kremenets are revealed. As a result of the examination, 20 large colonies as well as about 35 single areas of Heracleum sosnowskyi and Heracleum mantegazzianum were found. The largest and the oldest habitats of Heracleum sosnowskyi and Heracleum mantegazzianum spreading were revealed on the territory of the WOG and AVIAS petrol stations and in the districts of the detour road. The total area occupied by the Heracleum in Kremenets constitutes 804 m2. The tendency to territory increase can be observed by 17.2% since 2010. Field studies describe 6 model places that represent the most widely distributed areas of Heracleum sosnowskyi and Heracleum mantegazzianum. Based on the analysis of the obtained results, the main habitats of distribution of invasive species were identified and mapping of their locations was performed. The main threats of uncontrolled spreading of dangerous plants were formulated. The most effective and safe methods of weed control were offered.

Keywords


Heracleum sosnowskyi; Heracleum mantegazzianum; invasive species; spread; dynamics; thread; struggle; Kremenets

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baležentienė, L., Stankevičienė, A., Snieški, V. (2013) Heracleum sosnowskyi (Apiaceae) seed productivity and establishment in different habitats of central Lithuania. Ekologija, 59,(3), 123–133.

Burlėgaitė, G., Butkienė, R., Būda, V. (2012). Isolation and identication of an allelopathic compound in the invasive plant Sosnovskyi hogweed, Heracleum sosnowskyi. (Symposium 7. Climate Change, Invasive / Alien Species and Chemical Ecology). Ekologija, 58(2), 293.

Ciosek, M.T., Sikorski, R., Trębicka, A. (2010) Wpływ barszczu Sosnowskiego (Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden.) na strukturę i skład florystyczny fitocenoz. Fragm. Agron, 27(2), 39–46.

Dudkin, O.V., Yena, A.V., Korzhnev, M.M. et al. (2003). Otsinka i napryamky zmenshennya zahroz bioriznomanittyu Ukrayiny : Monohrafiya, Kyyiv, Khimdzhest, 399. (in Ukrainian)

Halahan, O.K. (2010). Porivnyal'ne ekoloho-biolohichne doslidzhennya Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier et levier H. Sosnowskyi Manden. Naukovi zapysky Ternopil's'koho natsional'noho pedahohichnoho universytetu. Seriya Biolohiya, 1 (42), 26–30. (in Ukrainian)

Kabuce, N., Priede, N. (2010). NOBANIS – Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet – Heracleum sosnowskyi. – From: Online Database of the European Network on Invasive Alien Species – NOBANIS. www.nobanis.org.

Koynova, I.B. (2013). Zapobihannya rozpovsyudzhennyu shkidlyvykh bur’yaniv na ukrayins'ko-pol's'komu pohranychchi. Materialy mizhnarodnoho naukovo-praktychnoho seminaru: L'vivs'ka oblast' – rehion suchasnoho upravlinnya komunal'nymy posluhamy – L'viv-Peremyshl', rozdil 5, 45–49. (in Ukrainian)

Synytsyna, N.Iu. (2014). Poshyrennia borshchivnyka Sosnovskoho na terytorii mista Zhytomyra. Zbirnyk materialiv Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii «Nauka. Molod. Ekolohiia». – Zhytomyr, 172–178 (in Ukrainian)

Vykhor, B.I., Prots', B.H. (2012). Borshchivnyk Sosnovs'koho (Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden.) na Zakarpatti: ekolohiya, poshyrennya ta vplyv na dovkillya. Biolohichni studiyi, 6(3), 185–196. (in Ukrainian)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_152

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138