Do we have infraspecific taxa of Salvia multicaulis Vahl. (Lamiaceae) in Iran?

Seyed Mehdi Talebi, Reza Rezakhanlou, A V. Matsyura

Abstract


Salvia multicaulis is a widespread species of Lamiaceae family in Iran. There are many discussions about its infraspecific variations. Although some varieties were definite for this species in various parts of the world, no infraspecific taxon was reported in Iran and all samples of this species were named as S. multicaulis. In this study, morphological characteristics of S. multicaulis populations, naturally growing in Iran, was examined. Twenty-two traits were examined in 94 individuals of this species to
identify their phenotypic difference. Most of the investigated features were showing a high degree of variability, but it was highly pronounced for some characteristics such as basal leaf shape, basal leaf width, basal leaf length/ width ratio and basal petiole length. Significant positive/negative correlations were observed between some morphological variables. Furthermore, significant negative correlations were found between the eastern distribution of populations with basal leaf petiole length and basal leaf length/ width ratio. Based on the UPGMA cluster analysis, populations were divided into two main branches. The first branch contained four populations, while the second branch was bigger and clustered in two sub-branches. In one of them,
three populations and in another one the rest populations arranged in two groups. CA joined plot confirmed that each of studied populations or group of populations had distinct morphological trait(s), which were useful in identification of them. Our findings supported population no. 13 had unique morphological traits such as the largest bracts and basal leaf petiole, highest flower number of each inflorescence cycle, widest and largest calyx. The conservation of the highly diverse populations of
Iranian S. multicaulis is recommended.


Keywords


morphology; population; Salvia multicaulis; infraspecific

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ackerly, D. D., Dudley, S. A. , Sultan, S. E. , Schmitt, J., Coleman, J. S., Linder, C. R., Sandquist, D. R., Geber, M. A., Evans, A. S., Dawson, T. E., and Lechowicz, M. J. (2000). The evolution of plant ecophysiological traits: recent advances and future directions. BioScience, 50,979–995.

Ahmadi, L., Mirza, M. (1999). Essential oil of Salvia multicaulis Vahl from Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 11, 289–290.

Çakılcıoğlu, U., Şengün, M.T., Türkoğlu, İ. (2010). An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants of Yazıkonak and Yurtbaşı districts of Elazığ province, Turkey. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4,567–572.

Davis, P.H. (1982). Flora of Turkey and the Aegean Islands. Edinburgh University Press. Edinburgh.

DeWitt, T.J., Sih, A., Wilson, D.S. (1998) Costs and limits of phenotypic plasticity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 13, 1–8.

Jamzad, Z. (2012). Flora of Iran, no. 76, Lamiaceae. Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran.

Jimenez, J, Risco, S, Ruiz, T et al. Hypoglycemic activity of Salvia lavendulifolia. Planta Medica, 52, 260-262, 1986.

Morteza-Semnani, K., Moshiri, K., Akbarzadeh, M. (2005).The essential oil composition of Salvia multicaulis Vahl. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 8, 6–10.

Podani, J. (2000). Introduction to the Exploration of Multivariate Data, Backhuyes, Leide Ltd.

Rechinger, K.H. (1982). Labiatae in Flora Iranica. Akademische Druckund Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria.

Senatore, F., Apostolides Arnold, N., Piozzi, F. (2004). Chemical composition of the essential oil of Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. growing wild in Lebanon. Journal of Chromatography A, 1052, 237–240.

Sultan, S.E. (1995). Phenotypic plasticity and plant adaptation. Acta Bot. Neerl.44, 363–383.

Sultan, S.E. (2000). Phenotypic plasticity for plant development, function and life history. Trends in plant science, 5, (12), 537-542.

Talebi, S.M. (2014). Infra-specific morphological diversity in

Phlomis olivieri (Labiatae). Journal of Bio-Science, 22, 59-67.

Talebi, S.M. (2015). Infraspecific morphological variations in Acinos graveolens (M.B.) Link. Modern Phytomorphology, 7, 21–37.

Tetik, F., Civelek, S., Cakilcioglu, U. (2013). Traditional uses of some medicinal plants in Malatya (Turkey). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 146(1) 331- 346

Topcu, G., Ertaş, A., Kolak, U., Ozturk, M., Ulubelen, A. (2007). Antioxidant activity tests on novel triterpenoids from Salvia macrochlamys. ARKIVOC (vii) 195-208.

Ulubelen, A. Topcu, G., Johansson, C.B. (1997). Norditerpenoids and Diterpenoids from Salvia multicaulis with Antituberculous Activity. Journal of Natural Products , 60 (12), 1275–1280.

Williams, D.G., Mack, R.N. and Black, R.A. (1995) Ecophysiology of introduced Pennisetum setaceum on Hawaii: the role of phenotypic plasticity. Ecology, 76, 1569–1580.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_138

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138