Effective factors in rural entrepreneurship development: A case study of villages in the central district of Bardaskan city

Hamid Ja’fari, Mojtaba Hoseinzadeh, Mohammad Ali Ahmadian

Abstract


In the last few decades, entrepreneurship as a strategy in the development and prosperity of human societies has turned into an unmatched alternative through which all factors, resources and facilities of a society are spontaneously mobilized through being placed in an evolutionary process in order to achieve high social ideals so that they become the source of many positive socio-economic consequences. Considering the importance of rural settlements in the national and regional space, the main purpose of the present study is to investigate the factors influencing rural entrepreneurship development at the villages in the central district of Bardaskan city. This research is an applied study in terms of purpose and a descriptive-analytical study in terms of methodology. Data has been collected through questionnaire and field survey. The research statistical population comprised 22 villages with over 100 inhabitants in the central district of Bardaskan, In the present study, which with regard to the limited statistical population (number of villages including above 100 people), sampling was not performed and all the villages of this district were considered as the sample population. The population of these 22 villages in 2016 amounted to 10,331 people in the form of 3,636 households, which by calculating through the modified Cochran formula, 374 households were obtained. The number of questionnaires for each village was determined in proportion to the population of each village. Then, selection of households at the village level was done through simple random sampling method so that the principle of equal opportunity to choose households was observed. Its validity was approved based on the expert opinion through content and Delphi methods and its reliability was calculated and confirmed through study of the guidebook and using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (70%-85%). Finally, the collected data was analyzed in the SPSS software environment using one-sample sign test ‎‏and Friedman test. According to the results obtained from the one-sample sign test, it was found that factors of the existence of infrastructure facilities and services, government measures and support and the required capital supply with first to second priorities and an average of 4.65, standard deviation of 0.49 and significance level of 0.0001 are effective in entrepreneurship development in rural areas.


Keywords


Rural entrepreneurship; rural development; entrepreneurship; Bardaskan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_124

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