The echocardiography patterns from males under 45 years old after myocardial infarction

O. V. Filatova, E. Ivanova, V. Chursina

Abstract


We conducted a retrospective study of EchoCG from 33 males who had the myocardial infarction. Patients with a diagnosis of "neurocirculatory dystonia" (30 people) entered the control group. We studied the size of the left ventricle, the left atrium, the right ventricle, their relationship to each other, the mass of the myocardium and the mass index of the myocardium of the left ventricle. The study of the morphological structures of the heart revealed a change in the size of the left ventricle, the left atrium and the right ventricle in patients who had an acute myocardial infarction, manifested by an increase in the end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions of the left ventricle, the left atrium, and the right ventricle. In 2/3 of the patients who had an acute myocardial infarction, the normal geometry of the left ventricle was observed. Around one-quarter of the patients had a concentric remodeling (24%), an eccentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle was the least common (15%). The heart of patients who had an acute myocardial infarction demonstrates a lower functionality being compared to the subjects in the control group. In these groups, the maximum value of the DAC / DDR ratio is observed, the ejection fraction is reduced. To a greater extent, the onset of acute myocardial infarction was determined by the size and mass of the left ventricular myocardium. Important meaning had also the body weight, BMI, surface area of the body, the size of the left atrium, and the right ventricle.

Keywords


heart; echocardiography; ejection fraction; mass index of the left ventricular myocardial; geometric model of the left ventricle; acute myocardial infarction

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_112

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