Structure patterns of phytoseiid mite communities in urban plant associations

S L. Grabovska, I. I. Mykolaiko, V. P. Mykolaiko

Abstract


20 species of 10 genera of mites of this family Phytoseiidae were found while studying a species composition on the plants of urban environment Amblyseius andersoni Chant, 1957; Amblyseius rademacheri Dosse, 1958; Neosiulus herbarius Wainstein, 1960; Neoseiulus reductus Wainstein, 1962; Euseius finlandicus, Oudemans, 1915; Kampimodromys aberrans Ouderman, 1930; Dubininellus echinus Wainstein et Arutunjan, 1970; Dubininellus juvenis Wainstein et Arutunjan, 1970; Typhlodromus cotoneastri Wainstein, 1961; Typhlodromus laurae Arutunjan, 1974; Typhloctonus aceri Collyer, 1957; Typhloctonus tiliarum Oudemans, 1930; Paraseiulus incognitus Wainstein et Arutunjan, 1967; Paraseiulus soleiger Ribaga, 1902; Amblydromella (s.str.) caudiglans Scheuten,1959; Amblydromella (s.str.) pirianykae Wainstein, 1972; Amblydromella (s.str.) rhenana Oudemans, 1905; Amblydromella clavata Wainstein, 1972; Amblydromella (Aphanoseius) verrucosa Wainstein, 1972; Galendromus longipilus Nesbitt, 1951. The peculiarities of their spreading in plant associations of Kyiv city, Uman city, Vasylkiv town, Brovary town (Ukraine) which differed from each other by various characteristics (population, area, urbanization degree, etc.) were determined. Total 68 species of plants were examined in the territory of Kyiv city where there were 40 species of trees and shrubs (including 2 types of conifers) and 28 species of herbaceous plants; 16 species of 10 genera of predacious phytoseiid mites were found. 14 species of 8 genera of mites were registered on 25 plant species in the territory of Brovary town (16 species of tree-and-shrub and 9 species of herbaceous plants) in the result of processing of collected materials. 10 species of 7 genera were identified while studying the current state of species diversity of predacious mites of Phytoseiidae family on 26 species of trees and shrubs of green urban plantations within Vasylkiv town. 12 species of 7 genera of Phytoseiidae mites were identified in the result of study of urban plantations in Uman city. Common species at studied areas were the following seven species: A. andersoni, A. rademacheri, E. finlandicus, K. aberrans, T. laurae, T. aceri, T. tiliarum. During the researches the domination index (Di). It was found that spreading of mites was different. Dominant species, subdominant species, subdominant of first order and minor members of species complexes were revealed while analysed the species structure of predacious phytoseiidae mites. E. finlandicus was the dominant in all research plots: Kyiv (Di = 51.63 %), Uman (Di = 60.32 %), Vasylkiv (Di = 15.65 %), Brovary (Di = 33.90 %). K. aberrans (Di = 15.52 %) and E. finlandicus was determined as dominant species n Vasylkiv town. K. aberrans (Di = 2.35 %) and T. aceri (Di = 1.30 %) had the status of subdominant species in research areas. We also have been studied the mite species diversity on the grass and shrubs. We studied the mites on the 93 species of plants where 55 were trees and shrubs (58.9 %) and 38 species were the herbaceous plants (41.1 %).

Keywords


phytoseiid mites; Phytoseiidae; Kyiv city; Uman city; Vasylkiv town; Brovary town; Ukraine

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2017_103

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