PHYITOINDICACION ESTIMATION OF SOIL MESOPEDOBIONTS COMMUNITIES CATENA AND THEIR ECOMORPHIC ORGANIZATION

A. V. Zhukov, O. N. Kunah, V. A. Novikova, D. S. Ganzha

Abstract


The approaches to the use of catena method of studying the diversity of soil animal communities’ arena landscape of the Dnieper River Valley (within the natural reserve “Dnieper-Orelsky” using phytoindication estimation have been developed in the present article. Soil animals ecomorphes have been verified on the basis of main trends variability of environmental conditions which evaluated by means of phytoindication approaches. Monitoring polygon situated in the north-eastern part of the natural reserve "Dnieper-Orelsky". The width of the polygon is 3260 m, height – 2850 m, its total area is 930 hectares. Inside the polygon we selected some five plots: on the slope of the sand dunes at the border the sandy steppe and Acer tataricum shrub; on the slope of the Northern exposure of the Orlova valley in Acer tataricum oak forest with Dáctylis glomeráta; in terrace near the flood plain on the border with the lower part of the slope, in elm-black poplar forest with Glechóma hederácea; in the waterlogged tributary of river Protoch on the border of the marsh and forest ecosystems; in river Protoch in grass community, in a gradient from the marsh community to steppe meadows. Each plot was represented by 105 squares of size 3×3 m. Squares arranged in 7 contiguous rows of 15 squares in each. Plot size was 21×45 m. Big side plot was located along the visually discernible gradient terrain topography and vegetation cover. In each square we made a description of the vegetation with the assessment of the projective cover with a lag of 10%. In the center of each square we sampled soil of 0.25×0.25 m from which the soil macroinvertebrates have been extracted by hand sorting. The ordination of mesopedobionts communities has been applied to multidimensional scaling procedure based on metrics of Bray-Curtis with provisional data on transformation according to Hellinger. The phytoindication estimation of the environmental regimes have been found to be statistically significant predictors of multidimensional scales that obtained after ordination of mesopedobionts communities. Dimension 1 can be explained by edaphotop nutrient status, dimension 2 can be explained by edaphotop humidity, dimension 3 may be explained by soil aeration, dimension 4 may be explained by quantity of carbonates in soil. Dimensions 5 and 6 have a complex factor nature which is difficult to interpret meaningfully. Environmental assessment regimes using phyto-indicative scales enabled set the value of soil carbonate content and aeration in structuring of soil animals communities. The obtained result makes reasonable provision of new ecomorphes of soil animals such as aèromorph and carbonatomorph. Aèromorphes are ecological group that combines soil animals, preferring similar condition of soil aeration, among which are highlighted in aerophyles, sub-aerophyles, hemiaerofobes and subaerofobes. Carbonatomorphes are ecological group that combines soil animals, preferring similar condition of carbonates content in soil, among which are highlighted in carbonatofobes, akarbonatophyles, hemicarbonatophyles, carbonatophyles and hyper-carbonatophyles. Classic catena approach for biogeocenotic and landscape diversity investigation have been supplemented by the assessment of the ecological regimes through phytoindication and ecomorphic analysis of vegetation. Ordinates of ecological regimes are the gradients of variation of soil animal communities. Information and valuable markers of vegetation (phytoindication scale and ecomorphes) can be used as training variables to assess the indicator properties of soil animal communities. Ecomorphes of soil animals reflect the main aspects of the structural organization of their communities and may serve as valuable indicators of the properties and behaviors of soil as environment of living organisms.

Keywords


Catena; bioindication; ecomorphes; biogeocoenoses; soil mesofauna

Full Text:

PDF

References


Бахнов В.К. Методологические и методические аспекты почвоведения / В.К. Бахнов, Г.П. Гамзиков, В.Б. Ильин и др. – Новосибирск, 1988. – 168 с.

Бельгард А.Л. Степное лесоведение / А. Л. Бельгард // М.: Лесная промышленность, 1971. – 336 С.

Бельгард А.Л. Лесная растительность юго–востока УССР / А. Л. Бельгард // Киев.: Изд–во КГУ, 1950. – 263 с.

Бузук Г Н. Регрессионный анализ в фитоиндикации (на примере экологических шкал Д.Н. Цыганова) / Г.Н. Бузук, О.В. Созинов // Ботаника (исследования): Сборник научных трудов. / Ин–т эксперимент. бот. НАН Беларуси. – Минск:

Право и экономика, 2009. – Вып. 37. – С. 356–362.

Воронов А.Г. Геоботаника / А.Г. Воронов – М.: Высшая школа, 1973. – 384 с.

Высоцкий Г Н. О гидроклиматическом значении лесов для России / Г.Н. Высоцкий – Избр. соч. – М.: АН СССР, 1960. – Т. 2. – С. 125–150.

Геннадиев А.Н. Латеральная миграция вещества в почвах и почвенно–геохимические геокатены / А.Н. Геннадиев, Н.С. Касимов // Почвоведение. – 2004. № 12. – С. 1447–1461.

Джеррард А.Дж. Почвы и формы рельефа / А.Дж. Джеррард – Л.: Недра. – 1984. – 208 с.

Дідух Я.П. Основи біоіндикації / Я.П. Дідух. – К.: Наукова думка, 2012. – 344 с.

Дідух Я.П. Етюди фітоекології / Я.П. Дідух. – К.: Арістей, 2008. – 286 с.

Жирков И.А. Жизнь на дне. Био–география и био–экология бентоса / И.А. Жирков. – М.: Т–во научных изданий КМК, 2010. – 453 с.

Жуков А.В. Гигроморфы почвенных животных и их диагностическое значение для установления гигротопов / А.В. Жуков // Проблемы экологии и охраны природы техногенного региона. – Донецк: ДонНу, 2006. – Вып. 6. – С. 113–130.

Жуков А.В. Геостатистическое оценивание агрегатной структуры почвы как композитной переменной / А.В. Жуков, Е.В. Андрусевич, Е.В. Лапко, В.О. Сиротина // Биологический вестник Мелитопольского государственного педагогического университета имени Богдана Хмельницкого. – 2015. – № 3. – С. 101–121.

Жуков О.В. Екоморфічний аналіз консорцій ґрунтових тварин /О.В. Жуков // Д.: Вид–во «Свідлер А. Л.». – 2009. – 239 с.

Жуков О.В. Біологічне різноманіття України. Дніпропетровська область. Дощові черв’яки (Lumbricidae): моногр. / О.В. Жуков, О.Є. Пахомов, О.М. Кунах. – Д.: Вид–во Дніпропетр. нац. ун–ту, 2007. – 371 с.

Жуков О.В. Екоморфи Бельгарда–Акімова та екологічні матриці / О.В. Жуков // Екологія та ноосферологія, 2010. – Т. 21, № 3–4. – С. 109–111.

Жуков О.В. Трофоценоморфи ґрунтових тварин та їх діагностичне значення для встановлення трофотопів / О. В. Жуков // Вісник Донецького університету. – Серія А. Природничі науки. – 2007. – С. 277–291.

Заугольнова Л.Б. Характеристика лесных фитокатен в подзвоне хвойно–широколиственных лесов / Л.Б. Заугольнова // Бюл. Моск. о–ва испыт. прир. Отд. биол. – 2001. – Т. 106, вып. 5. – С. 43–51.

Заугольнова Л.Б. Пространственная структура биогеоценотического лесного покрова / Л.Б. Заугольнова, Н.В. Лукина, Е.В. Тихонова // Методические подходы к экологической оценке лесного покрова в бассейне малой реки / Л.Б. Заугольнова, Т.Ю. Браславская (отв. ред.). Москва: Товарищество научных изданий КМК. – 2010. – С. 10–19.

Капрусь І.Я. Порівняльний аналіз фаун Collembola на території України / І.Я. Капрусь // Біологічні Студії. – 2011. – Том 5, №3. – С. 135–154

Караваева Н.А. Заболачивание и эволюция почв / Н.А. Караваева – М.: Наука. – 1982. – 296 с.

Катенин А.Е. Классификация неоднородных территориальных единиц растительного покрова на примере растительности тундры / А.Е. Катенин // Ботан. журн. – 1988. – Т. 73, №2. – С. 186–197.

Козловский Ф.И. Теория и методы изучения почвенного покрова / Ф.И. Козловский. М.: ГЕОС, 2003. – 536 с.

Константинов А.Р. Испарение в природе / А. Р. Константинов. – Л.: Гидрометеоиздат. – 1968. – 532 с.

Мазей Ю. А. Изменения сообществ почвообитающих раковинных амеб вдоль катен в лесостепной зоне / Ю.А. Мазей, Е. А. Ембулаева // Известия высших учебных заведений. Поволжский регион. Естественные науки. Экология. – 2015. – № 1 (9). – С. 98–114.

Мордкович В.Г. Зоологическая диагностика почв лесостепной и степной зон Сибири / В.Г. Мордкович – Новосибирск: Наука, 1977. – 110 с.

Мордкович В.Г. Степные катены / В.Г. Мордкович, Н.Г. Шатохина, А.А. Титлянова. – Новосибирск: Наука. – 1985. – 118 с.

Мордкович В.Г. Зоологическая диагностика почв: императивы, предназначение и место в составе почвенной зоологии и почвоведения / В.Г. Мордкович // Журнал общей биологии. – 2013. – Т. 74, № 6. – С. 463–471

Разумовский С.М. Избранные труды / С.М. Разумовский. – сост. К.В. Киселева, О.Г. Чертов, Е.М. Веселова; под ред. и с предисл. К.В. Киселевой, О.Г. Чертова. – М.: KMK Scientific Press. – 1999. – 560 с.

Разумовский С.М. Труды по экологии и биогеографии (полное собрание сочинений) / С.М. Разумовский. – М.: KMK Scientific Press. – 2011. – 722 с.

Романовский М.Г. Продуктивность, устойчивость и биоразнообразие равнинных лесов европейской России / М.Г. Романовский. – М.: МГУЛ. – 2002. – 92 с.

Урусевская И.С. Почвенные катены Нечерноземной зоны РСФСР / И.С. Урусевская // Почвоведение. – 1990. – №9. – С. 12–26.

Фридланд В.М. Структура почвенного покрова / В.М. Фридланд. – М.: «Мысль», 1972. – 424 с.

Штирц А.Д. Пространственная организация сообщества панцирных клещей (Acari: Oribatida) в почве сельскохозяйственного поля в условиях степной зоны Украины [Текст] / А.Д. Штирц, Г.А. Задорожная, О.Н. Кунах, А.В. Жуков // Изв. Харьк. энтомол. о–ва. – 2013. — Т. XXI, вып. 1. – С. 49–60.

Aitchison J. The statistical analysis of compositional data / J. Aitchison. – London. – Chapman and Hall. – 1986. – 416 p.

Bushnell T.M. Some aspects of the soil catena concept / T.M. Bushnell // Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. – 1942. – Vol. 7. – P. 466–476.

Butler A. Statistical methods for environmental risk assessment. Compositional data module / A. Butler, S. Bierman G. Marion. Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, The University of Edinburgh, James Clerk Maxwell Building, The King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ. – 2005. (htpp://www.bioss.ac.uk/staff.html).

Didukh Ya.P. River valleys as the object of ecological and geobotanical research / Ya.P. Didukh, O.O. Chusova, I.A. Olshevska, Yu.V. Polishchuk // Ukr. Bot. J. – 2015. – Vol. 72(5). – P. 415–430.

Didukh Ya.P. The ecological scales for the species of Ukrainian flora and their use in synphytoindication / Ya.P. Didukh. – Kyiv: Phytosociocentre, 2011. – 176 p.

Egozcue J.J. Groups of parts and their balances in compositional data analysis / J.J. Egozcue, V. Pawlowsky–Glahn // Mathematical Geology. – 2005. – Vol. 37. – P. 795–828.

Egozcue J.J. Isometric logratio transformations for compositional data analysis / J.J. Egozcue, V. Pawlowsky–Glahn, G. Mateu–Figueras, C. Barcel'o–Vidal // Mathematical Geology. – 2003. – Vol. 35(3). – P. 279–300.

Hole F.D. Suggested terminology for describing soils as three–dimensional bodies / F.D. Hole // Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. – 1953. – Vol. 17. – P. 131–135.

Legendre P. Ecologically meaningful transformations for ordination of species data / P. Legendre, E.D. Gallagher // Oecologia. – 2001. – Vol. 129. – P. 271–280.

Marcon E. Entropart: An R Package to Measure and Partition Diversity / E. Marcon, B. Herault // Journal of Statistical Software. – 2015. – Vol. 67(8). – P. 1–26. doi:10.18637/jss.v067.i08

Milne G. Some suggested units for classification and mapping, particularly for East African soils / G. Milne // Soil Research. – 1935. – Vol 4. – P. 183–198.

Oksanen J. Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0–2. / J. Oksanen, F.G. Blanchet, R. Kindt, P. Legendre, P. & all. // 2011. – http://CRAN.R–project.org/package=vegan.

Parent L. Compositional analysis for an unbiased measure of soil aggregation / L Parent, C. de Almeida, A. Hernandes, J.J. Egozcue, C. Gülser, M.A. Bolinder, T. Kätterer, O. Andrén, S.E. Parent, F. Anctil, J.F. Centurion, W. Natale // Geoderma. – 2012. – Vol. 179–180. – P. 123–131.

Pearson K. Mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution. On a form of spurious correlation which may arise when indices are used in the measurement of organs / K. Pearson // Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. – 1896. – LX. – P. 489–502.

Thomas C.W. Log–ratios and geochemical discrimination of Scottish Dalradian limestones: a case study / C.W. Thomas, J. Aitchison // Buccianti, A., Mateu–Figueras, G., Pawlowsky–Glahn, V. (Editors). Compositional data analysis in the geosciences: from theory to practice. Geological Society, London, Special Publication. – 2006. – Vol. 264. – P. 25–41.

Yaalon D.H. Soil–Forming Processes in Time and Space / D.H. Yaalon. // Paleopedology: Origin, Nature and Dating of Paleosols. Israel University Press, Jerusalem, Israel. – 1971. – P. 29–39.

Zhukov A. Spatial heterogeneity of mechanical impedance of a typical chernozem: the ecological approach / A. Zhukov, G. Zadorozhnaya // Ekológia (Bratislava). – 2016. – Vol. 35, No. 3. – P. 263–278.

REFERENCES

Aitchison, J. (1986). The statistical analysis of compositional data. London: Chapman and Hall.

Ammer, S., Weber, K., Abs, C., Ammer, C., Prietzel, J. (2006). Factors influencing the distribution and abundance of earthworm communities in pure and converted Scots pine stands. Appl. Soil Ecol, 33, 10–21.

Bahnov, V.K., Gamsikov, G.P., Ilin, V.B. (1988). Methodological and methodic aspects of the pedology. Novosibirsk (in Russian).

Belgard, A.L. (1950). Forest vegetation of South–Eeast part of the USSR. Kiev: Kiev State University (in Russian).

Belgard, A.L. (1971). Steppe Forestry. Moscow: Forest Industry (in Russian).

Bushnell, T.M. (1942). Some aspects of the soil catena concept. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc, 466–476.

Butler, A., Bierman, S., Marion G. (2005). Statistical methods for environmental risk assessment. Compositional data module. Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, The University of Edinburgh, James Clerk Maxwell Building, The King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ.. (htpp://www.bioss.ac.uk/staff.html).

Buzuk, G.N., Sozinov, O.V. (2009). Regression analysis in the bioindication. Botany. Minsk: Pravo i ekonomika (in Russian).

Diduh, Y.P. (2008). Etudes of the phytoecology. Kyiv: Apistey (in Ukranian).

Diduh, Y.P. (2012). The principles of the bioindication. Kyiv: Naukova dumka (in Ukranian).

Didukh, Ya.P. (2011). The ecological scales for the species of Ukrainian flora and their use in synphytoindication. Kyiv: Phytosociocentre.

Didukh, Ya.P., Chusova, O.O., Olshevska, I.A., Polishchuk, Yu.V.(2015). River valleys as the object of ecological and geobotanical research. Ukr. Bot. J., 415–430.

Egozcue, J.J., Pawlowsky–Glahn, V. (2005). Groups of parts and their balances in compositional data analysis. Mathematical Geology, 37, 795–828.

Egozcue, J.J., Pawlowsky–Glahn, V., Mateu–Figueras, G., Barcel'o–Vidal, C. (2003). Isometric logratio transformations for compositional data analysis. Mathematical Geology, 35(3) 279–300

Eric Marcon, Bruno Herault (2015). entropart: An R Package to Measure and Partition Diversity. Journal of Statistical Software, 67(8), 1–26. doi:10.18637/jss.v067.i08

Fridland, V.M. (1972). Structure of the soil cover. Moscow: Misl (in Russian).

Gennadiev, A.N., Kasimov, N.S. (2004). Lateral migration of the substances and soil and geochemical catenas. Soil Science, 12, 1447–1461 (in Russian).

Gerard, A.G. (1984). Soils of forms of relief. Leningrad: Nedra (in Russian).

Hole, F.D. (1953). Suggested terminology for describing soils as three–dimensional bodies. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc, 17, 131–135.

Kaprus, I.Y. (2011). Comparative analysis of the Collembola faunas within Ukraine territory. Studia Biologica, 5(3), 135–154 (in Ukranian).

Karavaeva, N.A. (1982). Water logging and soil evolution. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Katenin, A.E. (1988). The classification of the uneven territory units of the plant cover as an example tundra vegetation. Botanical Journal, 73(2), 186–197.

Konstantinov, A.P. (1968). Evaporation in the nature. Leningrad: Gidrometeoisdat (in Russian).

Kozlovsky, F.I. (2003). Theory and methods of the soil cover investigation. Moscow: GEOS (in Russian).

Legendre, P., Gallagher, E. D. (2001). Ecologically meaningful transformations for ordination of species. Oecologia, 271–280.

Mazey, Y.A, Embulaeva, E.A. (2015). Soil testacea community changes along catenas in foreststeppe zone. University proceedings. Volga region. Natural Science. Ecology, 1(9), 98–114 (in Russian).

Milne, G. (1935). Some suggested units for classification and mapping, particularly for East African soils. Soil Research, 4, 183–198.

Mordkovich, V.G. (1977). Zoological diagnostics of the soil in forest steppe and steppe zones of the Sibiria. Novosibirsk: Nauka (in Russian).

Mordkovich, V.G. (2013). Zoological diagnostic of the soils: imperatives, function and place in the soil science and pedology. Journal of General Biology, 74(6), 463–471 (in Russian).

Mordkovich, V.G., Shatohina, N.G., Titlanova, A.A. (1985). Steppe catenas. Novosibirsk: Nauka (in Russian).

Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F. G., Kindt, R., Legendre, P. (2011). Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0. http://CRAN.R–project.org/package=vegan.

Parent, L., de Almeida, C.X., Hernandes, A., Egozcue, J.J., Gülser, C., Bolinder, M.A., Kätterer, T., Andrén, O., Parent, S.E., Anctil, F., Centurion, J.F., Natale, W. (2012). Compositional analysis for an unbiased measure of soil aggregation. Geoderma, 179-190, 123–131.

Pearson, K. (1896). Mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution. On a form of spurious correlation which may arise when indices are used in the measurement of organs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, LX, 489–502.

Rasumovsky, S.M. (1999). Selected writings. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press (in Russian).

Rasumovsky, S.M. (2011). Works in the fields of ecology and biogeography Moscow: KMK Scientific Press (in Russian).

Romanovsky, M.G. (2002). Productivity, stability and biological diversity of plateau forests of the european Russia. Moscow: MGUL (in Russian).

Shtirtz, A.D., Zadorozhnaya, G.A., Zhukov A.V. (2013). Spatial organization of oribatid mites community (Acari: Oribatida) in soil of an agricultural field in conditions of steppe zone of Ukraine. The Kharkov Entomol. Soc. Gaz., XXI, 1, 49–60 (in Russian).

Thomas, C.W., Aitchison, J. (2006). Log–ratios and geochemical discrimination of Scottish Dalradian limestones: a case study. Compositional data analysis in the geosciences: from theory to practice. Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 264, 25–41.

Urusevskaya, I.S. (1990). Soil catenas of the Non-Black Soil Zone of the RSFSR. Soil Science, 9, 12–26 (in Russian).

Voronov, A.G. (1973). Geobotany. Moscow: Vischaya shola (in Russian).

Vosotsky, G.N. (1960). About hydroclimatic value of the forest for the Russia. Selected writings. Moscow: Academy press (in Russian).

Yaalon, D.H. (1971). Soil–Forming Processes in Time and Space. Paleopedology: Origin, Nature and Dating of Paleosols. Israel University Press, Jerusalem, Israel.

Zaugolnova, L.B. (2001). Characteristic of the forest phytocatena in subzone of the coniferous-broadleafes forests. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists, 106(5), 43–51 (in Russian).

Zaugolnova, L.B. (2010). Spatial structure of the biogeocoenotic soil cover. Methodical approaches for ecological assessment of the forest cover in small river basin. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press, 10–19 (in Russian).

Zhirkov, I.A. (2010). Life on the bottom. Bio-geography and bio-ecology of the bentos. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press (in Russian).

Zhukov, A.V. (2006). Hygromorphes of the soil animals and their purpose for hygrtopes assessment. The problems of the ecology and natura conservation of the technogenic region, 6, 113–130 (in Russian).

Zhukov, A.V. (2007). Soil animal trophocoenomorphes and their diagnostic importance for gygrotops indicating. Visnyk of Donetsk University. A. Natural Science, 277–291 (in Russian).

Zhukov, A.V. (2010). Belgard – Akimov’s ecomorphes and ecological matrix. Ecology and Noospherology, 21(3–4), 109–111 (in Ukranian).

Zhukov, A.V., Kunakh, O.N., Pahomov, A.Y. (2007). Biological diversity of Ukraine. Dnipropetrovsk region. Earthworms (Lumbricidae). Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukranian).

Zhukov, A., Zadorozhnaya, G. (2016). Spatial heterogeneity of mechanical impedance of a typical chernozem: the ecological approach. Ekológia (Bratislava), 263–278.

Zhukov, A.V., Andrusevich, K.V., Lapko, K.V., Sirotina, V.O. (2015). Geostatistical estimation of soil aggregate structure as a composite variable. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University, 5(3), 101–121 (in Russian).

Zhukov, O.V. (2006). The ecomorphic analysis of the soil animals consortia. Dnipropetrovsk: Svidler press




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/201676

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138