Constitutional features of females with different types of obesity

O. Filatova, S. Polovinkin, E. Baklanova, I. Plyasova, Yu. Burtsev

Abstract


We investigated 214 females aged 35-73 years. We divided them into groups of reproductive and menopausal age. We used methods of anthropometry and bioimpedanceometry. We performed somatotyping according to the schemes of Rees-Eisenck, Tanner. The proportion of obese individuals significantly increased in the menopausal period. The body mass index was higher in the group of menopausal females with android obesity. The higher body weight in the same group was caused by the higher fat mass of the body in both absolute and relative magnitudes. The index of normalized basal metabolism based on bioimpedanceometry was lower in women with android obesity. The groups studied did not differ in the proportion of somatotypes according to the Tanner classification. The percentage of pyknic bodies was higher in females with android obesity. The trend of obesity risk in pyknics was 1.5 times higher (p = 0.182). The risk of developing android obesity in pyknics was higher by 4.7 times (p <0.001).

 


Keywords


females; bioimpedanceometry; body mass index; gynoid and android types of obesity; somatotype

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2018%25x

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