ADVENTIVE TREE SPECIES IN URBAN FLORA OF ROSTOV-ON-DON

B. L. Kozlovsky, M. V. Kuropyatnikov, O. I. Fedorinova, M. M. Sereda, O. A. Kapralova, P. A. Dmitriev, T. V. Varduni

Abstract


We presented the results of study of the adventive tree species in urban flora of Rostov-on-Don (Russia). The taxonomic and typological structure of these species was determined and their ecological properties were investigated. We identified 147 species of woody adventive plants in urban flora of Rostov-on-Don. From species diversity the families Rosaceae Juss. (55 speceis), Fabaceae Lindl. (29), Caprifoleaceae Juss. (8), Oleaceae Lindl. (7), Hydrangeaceae (5), Ranunculaceae (5) and Vitaceae (5) are the dominants. In order to prevent the growth of the diversity of woody ergaziophytes species it is necessary to consider not only their ecological and biological properties, but also the regional economic value and importance. The species of Amorpha, Clematis, Colutea, Crataegus, Swida are potentially dangerous and should be excluded from the introduction scope. It is necessary to withdraw the species that have a set of properties suitable for naturalization, but have no economic or scientific interest from the collections of the Botanical Garden. In this regard, the collecting of sterile samples and plant forms could be extremely important. Special attention should be paid to the selection of the plant sets in small towns and rural areas, which are the places of spreading of the adventive plants and are similar to natural coenosises. 


Keywords


urban flora; adventive species; woody plants; plant introduction; ergaziophytes.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alvey, A.A. (2006). Promoting and preserving biodiversity in the urban forest. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 5(4), 195–201.

Breuste, J.H. (2013). Investigations of the urban street tree forest of Mendoza, Argentina. Urban Ecosystems, 16(4), 801–818.

Chichev, A.V. (1981). Synanthropic flora of Pushchino (pp. 18–31). Ecology of a small city. Pushchino (in Russian).

Fedyaeva, V.V. (1994). The problem of anthropogenic transformation of flora Lower Don (pp. 51–58). In: Modern Problems of Bioecology. Rostov–on–Don: Rostov State University (in Russian).

Godefroid, S., Koedam, N. (2003). Distribution pattern of the flora in a peri–urban forest: an effect of the city–forest ecotone. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(15), 169–185.

González, A.I., Barrios, Y., Born–Schmidt, G., Koleff, P. (2014). El sistema de información sobre especies invasoras, en R. Mendoza y P. Koleff (coords.), Especies acuáticas invasoras en México. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, México, pp. 95–112 (in Spanish).

Ilminskykh, N.G. (1988). Classification of Flora of agricultural and residential landscapes in origin and relation to culture (pp. 129–131). In: Agrophytocenosis and Ecological Ways to Enhance Their Stability and Productivity. Izhevsk (in Russian).

Kozlovsky, B.L., Ogorodnikov, A.J. (1998). On the resettlement of exotic species of wood from the collection of the Botanical Garden of the University of Rostov. Proceed. Sc. Conf. XX Scientific Meeting of the Botanical Gardens of the North Caucasus. Sochi (in Russian).

Kozlovsky, B.L., Ogorodnikov, A.J., Ogorodnikov, T.K., Kuropyatnikov, M.V., Fedorinova, O.I. (2000). Flowering woody plants Botanical Garden of Rostov University. Rostov–on–Don: New Russians (in Russian).

Kozlovsky, B.L., Pokhil'ko, L.O. (2006). Results and prospects introduction of angiosperms of woody plants in the Rostov region. Bulletin of the Southern Research Center, 2(3), 68–71 (in Russian).

Majora, K.C., Noskoa, P. (2013). Regeneration dynamics of non–native northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) populations as influenced by environmental factors: A case study in managed hardwood forests of southwestern Germany. Forest Ecology and Management, 291(1), 144–153.

Ogorodnikov A.Ya. (1993). Methods of visual assessment of bioecologycal properties of woody plants populated steppe zone (pp. 74–76). In: Results of plant introduction. Rostov–on–Don (in Russian).

Pokhil'ko, L.O., Kozlovsky, B.L., Kuropyatnikov, M.V. (2006). Features wood urban floras slot ecotypes of Rostov–on–Don (pp. 80–82). In Adventive Synanthropic and flora of Russia and CIS countries: Status and Prospects. Izhevsk (in Russian).

Privalenko, V.V., Bezuglova, O.S. (2003). Environmental problems of anthropogenic landscapes of the Rostov region. In: Ecology of Rostov–on–Don. Rostov–on–Don: Rostov State University (in Russian).

Richardson, D.M., Pysek, P., Rejmanek, M., Barbour, M.G., Panetta, F.D., West, C.J. (2000). Naturalization and invasion of adventive plants: concepts and definitions. Diversity and distribution, 6, 93–107.

Sjöman, H., J. Östberg, J., Bühler, O. (2012). Diversity and distribution of the urban tree population in ten major Nordic cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 11(1), 31–39.

Vasileva, T.V., Petrik, S.P., (2000). Adventivni vidi amerenkanskogo polkodzennia u sinantropniy flori m. Odessa. Ukrainian Botanical Journal, 57(1), 43–45 (in Ukrainian).

Zozulin, G.M., 1996. The system of life forms of higher plants. Botanical Journal, 46(1), 3–20 (in Russian).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15421/2016114

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Since April 2018 Journal changed the editorial policy and starts to be published exclusively in English, and changed its main site into www.ujecology.com

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2017 Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. ISSN 2520-2138